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Clerical Naturalists in Alphabetical Order

This page contains an alphabetical list of clerical naturalists from Richard Abbay to Basil Patras Zula.

There are currently 1016 names in the list and more are being added regularly. Each entry includes an individual's name, their dates of birth and death, and a reference to one or more of four key printed sources (Armstrong, Challinor, Desmond, or Kent and Allen). About half the entries also now have a link to the individual's entry in one or more standard online sources (BHL, CCEd, Herbaria@Home, ODNB, Quakers, Royal Society, or Wikipedia). I will add more links regularly.

I have added a brief biographical note to about 40% of the entries so far. Many of these notes also indicate if the person was elected as an associate or fellow of the Linnean Society (ALS or FLS) or as a fellow of the Royal Society (FRS). In these cases, the date of election is also given. I am completing these notes in chronological order, and have currently completed all entries for individuals born before 1770, as well as a smaller selection of those born after that date.

Please browse the page or use page search to search for keywords (Control + F on Windows or Command + F on a Mac).

This list is a work in progress and the long-term goal is to migrate it to a fully searchable database. To illustrate the data that will be available from the database when the project is more advanced, I have created sample pages for William Derham, William Turner, and Gilbert White.

You can also view this list in chronological order


Abbay, Richard (1844–1924)
Rector of Earl Soham, Suffolk, FLS, contributed to Linnean Society Botanical Journal.
Desmond 1

Abbot, Charles (1761–1817)
Vicar of Oakley Raynes and Goldington, Bedfordshire. Botanist and lepidopterist, author of Flora Bedfordiensis (1798) as well as a minor poet. FLS 1793.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 1 | Kent and Allen 78

Abbot, Robert (1560–1618)
Bishop of Salisbury and Master of Balliol College, Oxford. Apparently an 'excellent and diligent herbalist' (Desmond).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 1

Abbot, Thomas F. (fl. 1910s)
Curate at St. Mary and/or St. Patrick, Limerick, and President of of the Limerick Naturalists Field Club in 1911.
Desmond 1

Acland, Charles Lawford (1833–1903)
Vicar of All Saint's, Cambridge; antiquary and expert on Hebrides who also collected plants in Shetland.
Herbaria@Home

Acland, Richard Dyke (1881–1954)
Anglican missionary in India and Bishop of Bombay. Collected plants in Yemen.
Wikipedia | Desmond 2

Adams, Alfred (1865–1919)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 4 | Kent and Allen 78

Adams, Daniel Charles Octavius (1822–1914)
Ordained but apparently without a parish. Lived in Ansty, Warwickshire. Historian who botanised in Oxfordshire.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 4 | Kent and Allen 78

Adams, John Herbert (1897–1985)
Rector of Landulph and later Vicar of St Goran, Cornwall, and President of the Royal Institution of Cornwall in 1969-70. Primarily a historian but donated his herbarium to Plymouth Museum.
Herbaria@Home | Other | Kent and Allen 78

Addington, Richard (–2002)
Vicar of Charsfield, Suffolk, botanist and agriculturalist. Gave his name to the Addington Fund.
Armstrong 60, 150

Addison, Frederick (fl. 1870s)
Kent and Allen 79

Ahrendt, Leslie Walter Allen (1903–1969)
Rector of Broughton and, previously, Hanwell, Oxfordshire. Botanist specialising in the Berberidaceae.
Desmond 6

Aiken, James John Marshall Lang (1857–1933)
Pastor of Ayton, Berwickshire. Botanised locally, President of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 6 | Kent and Allen 79

Alderson, Christopher (1737–1814)
Rector of Eckington, Derbyshire. Landscape gardener who worked with Queen Charlotte on the garden at Frogmore, Berkshire, and with Lord Harcourt on the garden at Nuneham Courtenay, Oxfordshire.
CCEd | Other | Desmond 8

Alkin, Thomas Verrier (1838–1921)
Desmond 10

Allin, Thomas (1838–1909)
Herbaria@Home | Wikipedia | Desmond 11 | Kent and Allen 80

Alston, Frank Simpson (1863–1931)
Desmond 13 | Kent and Allen 80

Amherst, Elizabeth Frances (c. 1716–1779)
Fossil collector and poet; married to John Thomas, rector of Notgrove, Gloucestershire.
Wikipedia

Amos, Alfred Donald (fl. 1900-1960s)
Apparently botanised in Wales (Desmond).
Desmond 13 | Kent and Allen 81

Armitage, Edward (1822–1906)
Desmond 21

Armstrong, Benjamin (1817–1890)
Vicar of East Dereham, Norfolk. Diaries published as A Norfolk Diary: Passages from the Diary of The Rev. Benjamin John Armstrong M.A. (Cantab.), 1850-88 (1949), and Further Passages (1963), ed. Herbert. B. W. Armstrong.
Armstrong 10

Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978)
Vicar of St Mark's, Newnham, Cambridge; voluminous author including Birds of the Grey Wind (1940), Bird Display (1942), The Wren (1955), The folklore of birds (1958), and The life and lore of the bird in nature, art, myth, and literature (1975).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 3-4, 80-81

Arnold, Frederick Henry (1831–1906)
Desmond 22 | Kent and Allen 82

Ascham, Anthony (c. 1517–1559)
Vicar of Burneston, Yorkshire, astrologer and herbalist, author of A Lytel Herbal (1550).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 23

Ash, Warren (fl. 1530s)
According to William Turner, 'a little old man whose name is Guarinus Asshe, a canon of Barnwell Priory and well-skilled in herbalism' (in Turner, Libellus de re herbaria novus, 1538). Barnwell is in Cambridgeshire.

Atkinson, Henry Brune (1874–1960)

Atkinson, Henry Dresser (1841–1921)
Desmond 26

Baber, Harry (1817–1892)
Desmond 30 | Kent and Allen 84

Babington, Churchill (1821–1889)
Rector of Cockfield, Suffolk, and author of The Birds of Suffolk (1886).
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 55, 76, 100, 117 | Kent and Allen 84

Babington, Joseph (1768–1826)
Rector of Broughton Gifford, Wiltshire, and doctor at Ludlow, Shropshire. Botanist. Contributed to J. Plymley's Agriculture of Shropshire and J. Sowerby's English Botany.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 30 | Kent and Allen 84

Backhouse, Arthur (1853–1918)
Possibly a Quaker of the Darlington Backhouse banking dynasty. Propagated daffodils (Narcissi) in Torquay, Devon.
Other | Desmond 30

Backhouse, Charles James (1848–1915)
Quaker horticulturalist from Wolsingham, Co. Durham; one of the Darlington Backhouse banking dynasty. Propagated daffodils (Narcissi).
ODNB | Quakers | Other | Desmond 30

Backhouse, Edward (1781–1860)
Quaker banker from Darlington, Co. Durham and one of the Backhouse banking dynasty; planted many trees at Shull Wood, Wolsingham, Co. Durham.
ODNB | Quakers | Other | Desmond 30

Backhouse, Edward (1808–1879)
Quaker banker from Darlington, active in Sunderland, Co. Durham, one of the Backhouse banking dynasty; botanist, phycologist, and artist. Donated natural history collection to the Sunderland Museum.
ODNB | Quakers | Other | Desmond 30

Backhouse, Elizabeth (fl. 1840s)
Apparently one of the one of the Backhouse banking dynasty; collected Carex in Sunderland, Co. Durham.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 84

Backhouse, Henry (1849–1936)
Quaker horticulturalist from Darlington, Co. Durham; one of the Darlington Backhouse banking dynasty. Propagated daffodils (Narcissi) in Darlington, later in Bournemouth, Dorset.
ODNB | Quakers | Other | Desmond 31

Backhouse, James (1721–1798)
Quaker banker, moved to Darlington, Co. Durham; the first of many in the Backhouse family to pursue interests in botany and horticulture. Kept gardening records.
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 31

Backhouse, James (1794–1869)
Quaker from Darlington, Co. Durham; of the Backhouse banking dynasty; nurseryman and botanist in York; missionary Australia, Mauritius, South Africa. Author of Narrative of a Visit to the Australian Colonies (1843) and to Mauritius and South Africa (1844)
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 31 | Kent and Allen 84

Backhouse, James (1825–1890)
Quaker botanist, archaeologist, nurseryman, and geologist, based in York, part of the Backhouse banking dynasty; Author of A monograph of the British Hieracia (1856) and Ferns and Orchids (1857).
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 31 | Kent and Allen 84

Backhouse, James (1861–1945)
Quaker nurseryman from York, one of the Darlington Backhouse banking dynasty. Ornithologist, botanist, and geologist; author of Handbook of European Birds (1890) and Upper Teesdale Past and Present (1896).
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Other | Desmond 31

Backhouse, Jonathan (1747–1826)
Quaker banker from Darlington, Co. Durham and one of the Backhouse banking dynasty; planted many trees on his estates at Weardale, Co. Durham.
ODNB | Quakers | Other

Backhouse, Jonathan (1779–1842)
Quaker banker from Darlington, Co. Durham and one of the Backhouse banking dynasty; planted many trees on his Co. Durham estate.
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 31

Backhouse, Nathan (1788–1805)
Quaker from Darlington, Co. Durham and one of the Backhouse banking dynasty; died young but inspired his brother James Backhouse (1794-1869) to take up botany.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Other | Desmond 31 | Kent and Allen 84

Backhouse, Robert Ormston (1854–1940)
Quaker horticulturalist from Wolsingham, Co. Durham; one of the Darlington Backhouse banking dynasty, husband of Sarah Elizabeth Dodgson. Propagated daffodils (Narcissi) in Darlington, later in Sutton St Nicholas, Herefordshire.
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 31

Backhouse, Sarah Elizabeth (Dodgson) (1857–1921)
Quaker horticulturalist, wife of Robert Ormston Backhouse. Propagated daffodils (Narcissi) in Darlington, later in Sutton St Nicholas, Herefordshire. Rembered for pink daffodil variaty 'Mrs RO Backhouse'.
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 211

Backhouse, Thomas (1792–1845)
Quaker from Darlington, Co. Durham and one of the Backhouse banking dynasty; established a nursery at York.
ODNB | Quakers | Other | Desmond 31

Backhouse, William (1779–1844)
Quaker banker from Darlington, Co. Durham and one of the Backhouse banking dynasty; planted 350,000 trees on his estates at Weardale, Co. Durham, and recorded grasses and mosses.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Other | Desmond 31 | Kent and Allen 84

Backhouse, William (1807–1869)
Quaker banker from Darlington, Co. Durham, one of the Backhouse banking dynasty; botanist, entomologist, and horticulturalist known for daffodils (Narcissus). Founder member of the Natural History Society of Northumberland, Durham, and Newcastle upon Tyne
ODNB | Quakers | Other | Desmond 31

Backhouse, William Ormston (1885–1962)
Quaker agriculturalist, botanist, and geneticist from Herefordshire, one of the Darlington Backhouse banking dynasty. Researched wheat, fruit, and pig breeding in Argentina, and daffodils (Narcissi) in England.
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 31

Bacon, Roger (c. 1219–c. 1292)
Franciscan friar and philosopher based mainly at Oxford whose numerous writings promote the empirical study of nature.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 35-36

Badham, Charles David (1805–1857)
Desmond 32

Bailey, Benjamin (1791–1871)
Desmond 33

Baird, Andrew (1800–1845)
Desmond 35

Baker, Thomas (1785–1866)
Rector of Whitburn, Co. Durham, and plant collector.
Desmond 36

Baker, William Lloyd (1752–1830)
Rector of Aston Ingham, Herefordshire, who resigned and purchased Stouts Hill, Gloucestershire. Botanist. Contributed to J. Sowerby's English Botany and William Withering's Arrangment of British Plants. FLS 1793.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 37 | Kent and Allen 86

Bale, Sackville Stephens (1753–1836)
Vicar of Withyham and of Chiddingstone, Sussex; botanist, horticulturalist, and antiquary who kept a garden. FLS 1792.
CCEd | Desmond 37

Banister, John (1650–1692)
Rector of Charles City, Virginia and first university trained naturalist in British North American Colonies. Catalogue of Virginia plants published by John Ray in vol. two of Historia plantarum (1688).
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 41 | Kent and Allen 87

Barclay, Oliver (1919–2013)
Evangelical elder in Leicester and former Church of England lay reader; Cambridge zoologist specialising in animal locomotion.
ODNB | Wikipedia

Barker, John Theodore (1813–1883)
Desmond 44

Barnes-Lawrence, Henry Frederick (1815–1896)
Rector of Bridlington, Yorkshire. Ornithologist and conservationist who founded the Association for the Protection of Sea-Birds and led the campaign which resulted in the 1869 Sea Birds Preservation Act.
Wikipedia

Baron, Richard (1847–1907)
Desmond 47

Barrington, Shute (1734–1826)
Bishop of Durham and, earlier, of Llandaff and Salisbury. Keen botanist and Fellow of the Linnean Society.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 49 | Kent and Allen 88

Bartholomaeus Anglicus (c. 1203–1272)
English-born Franciscan monk and scholastic largely based in France and Germany, author of a compendious natural history De proprietatibus rerum.
BHL | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 36-37 | Desmond 50

Barton, John (1836–1908)
Desmond 51 | Kent and Allen 89

Barton, William (1763–1829)
Perpetual curacies at Langho, Samlesbury, Great Harwood, and Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire. Botanist and poet who kept a herbarium.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 51 | Kent and Allen 89

Bartram, John (1699–1777)
Quaker botanist, the 'father of American botany' and author of several travels through North America. Born Darby, Pennsylvania, co-founder of American Philosophical Society, established botanic garden in Kingsessing near Philadelphia.
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 51

Bartram, William (1739–1823)
Quaker botanist and ornithologist from Pennsylvania; author of Travels through North & South Carolina, Georgia, East & West Florida (1792). Son of John Bartram.
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 52

Barty, James Strachan (1805–1875)
Desmond 52

Batchelor, John (1855–1944)
Wikipedia | Desmond 53

Bateman, John (1665–1744)
Ordained, but apparently pursued a secular career including being mayor of Faversham, Kent, four times. His list of Faversham plants in Sloane herbarium and cited in the preface to Edward Jacob's Plantae Favershamiensis (1777).
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Other | Desmond 53

Bathurst, Ralph (1620–1704)
Dean of Wells Cathedral, Rector of Garsington, Oxfordshire, and Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University. FRS, primarily a physician, but some botanising in Oxfordshire. FRS 1663.
CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 54

Bayle, Sackville Stephens. See Bale, Sackville Stephens (1753–)

Beale, John (c. 1608–1683)
Rector of Sock Dennis and Yeovil, Somerset, Chaplain to Charles II, agricultural writer, and FRS. Author of Herefordshire Orchards (1657), Aphorisms concerning cider (1664), and Nurseries, Orchards, Profitable Gardens and Vineyards Encouraged (1677). FRS 1663.
CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 57

Becher, John Thomas (1770–1848)
Vicar-general and prebendary of Southwell Minster, perpetual curate of Thurgarton and Hoveringham, vicar of Rampton, Nottinghamshire, and vicar of Midsomer Norton, Somerset. Botanist and social reformer. Discovered Crocus nudiflorus.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 59

Beckerlegge, John Edward (fl. 1930s)
Kent and Allen 90

Beckerlegge, O. (fl. 1860s)
Kent and Allen 91

Bede (c. 672–735)
Monk and historian from Jarrow, Northumbria (now Tyne and Wear); his many writings include De natura rerum (Of the nature of things).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 36, 86, 105 | Desmond 62

Beeke, Henry (1751–1837)
Dean of Bristol , Rector of Ufton Nervet, Berkshire, and vicar of St Mary the Virgin, Oxford. Botanist who corresponded with J.E. Smith and others, and economist who pioneered income tax. FLS 1800.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 61 | Kent and Allen 91

Bell, Edward (1829–1904)
Desmond 62

Bell, Thomas Blizard (1815–1866)
Free Church of Scotland Minister, Leswalt, Wigtownshire, and member of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 63 | Kent and Allen 91

Bennet, Rev. (fl. 1890s)
Appears to have collected specimens in Hampshire and IoW around 1898
Herbaria@Home

Bennet, William (c. 1708–1785)
Minister of Duddingston, Edinburgh. Horticulturalist who according to literature in the church grew pineapples and yams in a heated greenhouse at the manse. Uncle of William Bennet (1763-1805)
Other

Bennet, William (1763–1805)
Minister of Duddingston, Edinburgh. Botanist who contributed list of Duddingston flora to Sinclair's Statistical Account of Scotland. Drowned in Duddingston Loch. Nephew of William Bennet (c. 1708-85).
Desmond 64

Benson, Charles William (1836–1919)
Rector of Balbriggan, Co. Dublin and, earlier, headmaster of Rathmines School. Ornithologist. Author of Our Irish Song Birds (1886).
BHL | Other

Benson, Edward White (1829–1896)
Archbishop of Canterbury and member of Botanical Society of Edinburgh.
Wikipedia | Desmond 66 | Kent and Allen 93

Benson, Thomas (1802–1887)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 67 | Kent and Allen 93

Benthall, Charles Francis (1861–1936)
Desmond 67

Berkeley, Miles Joseph (1803–1889)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 5, 51-52, 67 | Desmond 68 | Kent and Allen 93

Bicknell, Clarence (1842–1918)
Desmond 71 | Kent and Allen 94

Bidder, Henry Jardine (1847–1923)
Desmond 71

Bigge, John Frederick (1814–1885)
Desmond 72 | Kent and Allen 94

Bill, J.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 94

Bindley, Reginald Canning (1845–1937)
Vicar of Mickleover, Derbyshire; collector of mosses.
Desmond 73 | Kent and Allen 94

Binfield, Edward (c. 1763–c. 1813)
Curate at Albrighton, Shropshire, then Blandford Forum, Dorset. Botanist, apparently resident at Spetisbury, Dorset. List of Dorset Plants incorporated in Pulteney's Catalogue… of Dorsetshire (1813). ALS 1802.
CCEd | Desmond 73

Bingley, William (1774–1823)
Desmond 73 | Kent and Allen 94

Binstead, Charles Herbert (1862–1941)
Desmond 73

Bird, Charles Smith (1795–1862)
Desmond 73 | Kent and Allen 95

Bird, Maurice Charles Hilton (1857–1924)
Desmond 74

Birkett, Robert (c. 1806–1851)
Vicar of Kelloe, Co. Durham; plants at Ipswich Museum.
Desmond 74 | Kent and Allen 95

Birnie, George (1860–1941)
Desmond 74 | Kent and Allen 95

Biron, Henry Brydges (1835–1915)
Desmond 74

Blackburn, Edward Percy (1862–1940)

Blake, John Frederick (1839–1906)
Challinor 183

Blakiston, Charles Dendy (c. 1848–1908)
Vicar of St Andrew's Church, Exwick, Devon; herbarium at Lancing College, Sussex.
Desmond 79 | Kent and Allen 96

Blathwayt, Francis Linley (1875–1953)
Rector of Dyrham, Gloucestershire, and ornithologist. Remembered in Kerry, Trevor, Of Roseates and Rectories: the Birding Biography of the Revd Francis Linley Blathwayt (Lincoln, 2005).

Blatter, Ethelbert (1877–1934)
Desmond 79

Bleasdale, John Ignatius (1822–1884)
Desmond 79

Blomefield, Leonard. See Jenyns, Leonard

Bloomfield, Edwin Newson (1827–1914)
Armstrong 98 | Desmond 80 | Kent and Allen 96

Bloxam, Andrew (1801–1878)
Wikipedia | Desmond 81 | Kent and Allen 96

Blyth, Edward (1836–1910)
Kent and Allen 96

Bonney, Thomas George (1833–1923)
Armstrong 2, 111, 121, 123, 132-35

Borlase, Anne (1703–1769)
Wife of William Borlase, Rector of Ludgvan, Cornwall. Assisted William in the collection and recording of fossils and minerals (see ODNB entry for W. Borlase).
ODNB

Borlase, William (1696–1772)
Rector of Ludgvan, and vicar of St. Just, Cornwall, author of The Antiquities of Cornwall (1754), Observations on the Ancient and Present State of the Islands of Scilly (1756), and The Natural History of Cornwall (1758). FRS 1750.
BHL | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Challinor 183 | Desmond 86

Bosanquet, Edwin (1799–1872)
Vicar of Harston, Cambridgeshire, and author of A Plain and Easy Account of the British Ferns (1854).
Desmond 87

Boscowen, Arthur Townshend (1862–1939)
Rector of Ludgvan, Cornwall, and horticulturalist; promoted anemone as a commercial crop in Cornwall as well as various fruits and vegetables.
Wikipedia | Desmond 87

Boscowen, John Townshend (1820–1889)
Vicar of Lamorran, Cornwall. Horticulturalist and botanist. Developed Tregothnan Gardens with his brother Viscount Falmouth, including Australian plants, a botanic garden, and UK’s first commercial tea plantation. Co-founder of the National Rose Society. FLS 1886.
Other | Desmond 87

Bourne, Stephen Eugene (1846–1907)
Desmond 89

Bower, F. (fl. 1840s)
Kent and Allen 99

Boyden, Henry (1832–1923)
Curacies in Birmingham then Vicar of Pendeen, Cornwall, and later Thorpe Hamlet, Norwich. Collector of seaweed (and other) particularly in the Scilly Isles. Bequeathed plant specimens to Exeter Museum.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 92 | Kent and Allen 99

Braikenridge, George Weare (1815–1882)
Desmond 95 | Kent and Allen 100

Brand, John Fitzjohn (1743–1808)
Rector of St George's, Southwark, and earlier vicar of Wickham Skeith, Suffolk. Political economist. Author of On the Latin Terms used in Natural History (Trans. Linn. Soc., 1797) and A determination of the average depression of the price of wheat in war ALS 1796.
BHL | ODNB | Wikipedia

Bransby, John (c. 1783–1857)
Rector of Testerton, Norfolk, and Master of the Free Grammar School, King's Lynn , Norfolk. Member of Botanical Society of London.
Desmond 96

Brecan, A. (fl. 1880s)
Kent and Allen 100

Bree, Robert Francis (1775–1842)
Desmond 97 | Kent and Allen 100

Bree, William (1754–1822)
Rector of Allesley and vicar of Bickenhill, Warwickshire, and earlier, rector and vicar of Marston St Lawrence with Warkworth, Northamptonshire. Botanist and botanical artist who contributed to T. Purton's Midland Flora.
CCEd | Desmond 97

Bree, William Thomas (1786–1863)
Desmond 97 | Kent and Allen 100

Bréhaut, Thomas Collings (1820–1880)
Desmond 97

Brenan, Samuel Arthur (1837–1908)
Desmond 98 | Kent and Allen 100

Brewster, Colin (fl. 1900s)
Kent and Allen 101

Brichan, James Brodie (1810–1864)
Scottish minister and antiquary and author of Origines parochiales Scotiae (1851-55). Contributed to Phytologist.
Desmond 98 | Kent and Allen 101

Brodie, Peter Belinger (1815–1897)
Wikipedia | Challinor 184 | Desmond 102 | Kent and Allen 102

Brook, W.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 102

Brooke, John (1803–1881)
Desmond 103

Brown, Elizabeth Charlotte (1830–1899)
Quaker meteorologist and astronomer from Cirencester, Gloucestershire. Kept lifelong rainfall journal; best-known for work on sunspots.
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia

Brown, George (1835–1917)
Desmond 106

Brown, James
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 104

Brown, John Croumbie (1808–1895)
Desmond 107

Brown, Littleton (1699–1749)
Vicar of Kerry, Montgomeryshire. FRS. Botanist with an interest in bryophytes. Accompanied Johann Jacob Dillenius and Samuel Brewer on their tour of Wales. FRS 1730.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Royal Society | Other | Desmond 107 | Kent and Allen 104

Brown, Thomas (1811–1893)
Desmond 109

Brown, W. MacLean
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 104

Browne, William (c. 1630–1678)
Dean of divinity at Magdalen College, Oxford. Botanist and first recorder of military and monkey orchids in Britain.
CCEd | ODNB | Desmond 110

Browne, William Bevil (1845–1928)
Desmond 111

Brownlee, John (1791–1871)
Desmond 111

Bryant, Alfred Thomas (1865–1953)
Desmond 112

Bryant, Henry (1722–1799)
Rector of Colby and Vicar of Langham, Norfolk; botanist and author of A Particular Enquiry into the Cause of that Disease in Wheat Commonly called Brand (1784). ALS 1795.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 112 | Kent and Allen 105

Buchanan, John (1821–1903)
Desmond 113

Buchanan, John (1855–1896)
Desmond 113 | Kent and Allen 105

Buckland, Samuel (1817–1900)
Desmond 114 | Kent and Allen 105

Buckland, William (1784–1856)
Author of Geology and Mineralogy considered with reference to Natural Theology (1836).
Wikipedia | Armstrong 2, 9, 111, 118-20, 128-29 | Challinor 184 | Desmond 114

Buddle, Adam (1662–1715)
Rector of North Fambridge, Essex; botanist and authority on bryophytes who collected specimens for an unpublished complete English flora, now in Sloane herbarium. The Buddleia sometimes thought to be named for him.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 115 | Kent and Allen 106

Bullein, William (c. 1515–1576)
Rector (briefly) of Blaxhall, Suffolk; physician and herbalist; author of Bulleins bulwarke of defe[n]ce againste all sicknes, sornes, and woundes, that dooe daily assaulte mankinde (1562) which contains a vernacular herbal.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 116

Bullock-Webster, George Russell (1858–1934)
Armstrong 55 | Kent and Allen 106

Bulmer, Charles Henry (1833–1918)
Desmond 117

Bunch, James Robert (c. 1804–1870)
Rector of Emmanuel Church, Loughborough, Leicestershire; herbarium at Leicester University.
Desmond 117

Burdo, Christian (fl. 1920s)
Jesuit priest in Jersey.
Kent and Allen 106

Burdon, Rowland John (c. 1858–1939)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 119 | Kent and Allen 107

Burgess, John (1725–1795)
Minister of Kirkmichael, Dumfriesshire; botanist and lichenologist. Contributed material to John Lightfoot's Flora Scotica.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 119 | Kent and Allen 107

Burn, R. (fl. 1880s)
Apparently assisted H.A. Macpherson by examining a whale that beached near Maryport, Cumberland (Armstrong).
Armstrong 92

Burnet, Robert (1823–1889)
Desmond 121

Burnet, Thomas (c. 1635–1715)
Master of Charterhouse, London, and chaplain in ordinary to William III. Theologian whose books on cosmogony, especially Telluris Theoria Sacra (1681), translated as Sacred Theory of the Earth 1684), challenged the biblical account of creation.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 125-26

Burnside, Francis Rashleigh (1852–1929)
Rector of Great Stambridge, Essex, who grew roses.
Desmond 121

Burrell, John (1762–1826)
Rector of Letheringsett, Norfolk. Entomologist. Author of Prodromus lepidopterorum Britannicorum (1802) and articles in the Transactions of the Entomological Society. FLS 1800.
CCEd | Wikipedia

Bury, G.R.L
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 108

Butler, Charles (1560–1647)
Vicar of Wootton St Lawrence, Hampshire; apiarist, considered 'the father of English beekeeping'; author of The Feminine Monarchie, or, A Treatise Concerning Bees (1609), the earliest book-length guide to beekeeping in English.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 95-96

Butler, G.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 108

Butler, Joseph (1692–1752)
Bishop of Durham and, earlier, royal chaplain and rector of St James's, Piccadilly; theologian and author of The Analogy of Religion to the Constitution and Course of Nature (1736).
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 174 | Kent and Allen 108

Butler, Thomas (1806–1886)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 124 | Kent and Allen 108

Butt, John Martin (1774–1827)
Desmond 124

Butt, Thomas (1776–1841)
FLS 1800.
Desmond 124

Butt, Walter (1850–1917)
Desmond 124 | Kent and Allen 108

Calcoensis, Henricus (fl. 1490s)
Apparently a Scottish Benedictine friar who wrote a Synopsis Herbaria and translated Palladius, De Re Rustica, into Gaelic (Desmond).
Desmond 126

Campbell, Alfred John (1858–1931)
Desmond 129 | Kent and Allen 109

Campbell, William (1841–1921)
Missionary in Formosa (Taiwan) where he collected plants.
Wikipedia | Desmond 130

Cappella, James Anthony (1858–1943)
Roman Catholic priest and science teacher in Syston, Leicestershire. Taught science and collected plants.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 131 | Kent and Allen 110

Carey, Felix (1786–1822)
Desmond 132

Carey, William (1761–1834)
Baptist missionary at Serampore, India. Botanist who founded the botanic gardens at Serampore College, the Agricultural and Horticultural Society of India, and edited William Roxburgh's Hortus Bengaliensis (1814) and Flora Indica (1832). FLS 1823.
BHL | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 132

Carpenter, Philip Pearsall (1819–1897)
Kent and Allen 110

Carr, Edmund (1826–1916)
Desmond 134 | Kent and Allen 110

Carr, William (1793–1843)
Desmond 134

Carroll, Henry George (c. 1810–1896)
Vicar of St. Mobhi's, Glasnevin, Dublin; collected plants at The Burren.
Desmond 134 | Kent and Allen 110

Carruthers, Andrew (1770–1852)
Roman catholic bishop and vicar apostolic of the eastern district of Scotland. Botanist who maintained a botanic garden at his home at Munches, Dalbeattie, Kirkcudbrightshire.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 135

Carter, Thomas Garden (1817–1885)
Desmond 136 | Kent and Allen 111

Caswell, J.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 111

Chalmers, James B. (1841–1901)
Desmond 140

Chalmers, Thomas (1780–1847)
Author of On the Power, Wisdom and Goodness of God as Manifested in the Adaptation of the External Nature to the Moral and Intellectual Constitution of Man ( 2 vols , 1833).
Wikipedia

Chaloner, John (1788–1831)
CCEd | Armstrong 14

Chaloner, John William (1811–1894)
Armstrong 14, 73, 86

Chapplelow, Leonard (1744–1820)
Rector of Roydon and Burston, Norfolk, and chaplain to the Earl of Bradford. Author of the extended but unpublished poem The Sentimental Naturalist (c.1809; MS at Cambridge University Library). Uncle of L. Jenyns. FRS 1792.
CCEd | Royal Society | Armstrong 19

Charge, John (c. 1789–c. 1870)
Rector of Copgrove, Yorkshire, and plant collector.
Desmond 142 | Kent and Allen 112

Chavasse, Sidney Edward (c. 1905–c. 1963)
Kent and Allen 112

Cheales, Alan (1828–1911)
Desmond 144

Cheston, Joseph Bonner (c. 1767–1829)
Rector of Lassington, Gloucestershire, and vicar of White Ladies Aston, Worcestershire. Fellow of the Linnean Society. FLS 1797.
CCEd

Chevallier, Temple (1794–1873)
Author of Of the proofs of the divine power and wisdom derived from the study of astronomy (1835).
Wikipedia | Armstrong 102

Childe, G. (fl. 1840s)
Kent and Allen 113

Childrey, Joshua (1623–1670)
Archdeacon of Salisbury, prebendary of Salisbury Cathedral, rector of Upwey, Dorset. Astronomer, astrologer, meteorologist. Author of Britannia Baconia, or, The Natural Rarities of England, Scotland and Wales (1660).
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Challinor 185

Clark, Andrew (c. 1856–1922)
Kent and Allen 114

Clarke, Edward Daniel (1769–1822)
Vicar of Harlton, Cambridgeshire, and rector of Yeldham, Essex. First Cambridge professor of mineralogy, antiquary, and collector. Numerous publications include A Methodical Distribution of the Mineral Kingdom (1807) and Travels in … Scandinavia (1823).
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 150 | Kent and Allen 114

Clarke, F.F. (fl. 1830s)
Kent and Allen 114

Clarke, Louisa nee Lane (1812–1883)
Author of novels and works of microscopy, wife of Rev. Thomas Clarke (d. 1864), rector of Woodeaton, Oxfordshire. Moved to Guernsey after his death.
Desmond 150

Clarke, William Branwhite (1798–1878)
Herbaria@Home | Armstrong 157-60 | Desmond 151 | Kent and Allen 114

Clayton, John (c. 1657–1725)
Rector of James City Parish, Jamestown, Virginia, from 1686, rector of Crofton, Yorkshire, and dean of Kildare from 1708; FRS and botanist in Virginia whose work was plagiarised by John Brickell in Natural History of North-Carolina (1737). FRS 1688.
Royal Society | Other | Desmond 152

Cleeve, Alexander (1747–1805)
Vicar of Stockton-on-Tees, Co. Durham, and later Wooler, Northumberland. First secretary of the Horticultural Society of London.
CCEd | Desmond 152

Clerk, William (fl. 1710s-1730s)
Apparently collected plants in Virginia, Carolina, Antigua, Montserrat, and Bermuda (Desmond).
Desmond 153

Clouston, Charles (1800–1885)
Desmond 154

Clowes, John (1777–1846)
Desmond 155

Clutterbuck, Henry (1809–1883)
Vicar of Kempston, Bedfordshire, and Buckland Dinham, Somerset; botanist who was for several years listed as a local secretary of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. Principally remembered as a cricketer.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Wikipedia

Cobbe, Mabel (c. 1850–1936)
Desmond 155 | Kent and Allen 115

Cockayne, Thomas Oswald (1807–1873)
Desmond 156

Codrington, Robert Henry (1830–1922)
Desmond 157

Cole, Robert Eaton George (1831–1921)
Desmond 158 | Kent and Allen 116

Cole, Thomas (c. 1680–1742)
Congregational minister at Gloucester and, briefly, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire; had a herbarium which he burned 'in a flight of religious zeal'.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 158 | Kent and Allen 116

Coleman, William Higgins (1812–1863)
Herbaria@Home | Wikipedia | Desmond 159 | Kent and Allen 116

Colenso, John William (1814–1883)
Desmond 159

Colenso, William (1811–1899)
Desmond 159

Collie, Robert (1839–1892)
Desmond 160

Collins, Edward (–1755)
Vicar of St Erth, Cornwall, who assisted William Borlase in collecting minerals and fossils (see ODNB entry for W. Borlase).
ODNB | Wikipedia

Collins, John Coombes (1798–1867)
Desmond 161 | Kent and Allen 116

Collinson, Peter (1694–1768)
Quaker botanist and horticulturalist. FRS. Kept a garden at Mill Hill, Middlesex, and imported American seeds and knowledge, particularly from Pennsylvania, via Quaker networks. FRS 1728.
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 161 | Kent and Allen 116

Compton, Henry (1632–1713)
Bishop of London and Dean of the Chapel Royal; botanist who introduced exotic trees to his garden at Fulham Palace.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 163

Conybeare, John Josias (1779–1824)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 110, 117, 132

Conybeare, William Daniel (1787–1857)
Dean of Llandaff; geologist and palaeontologist who first described the plesiosaur. Co-author of Outlines of the Geology of England and Wales (1822) and Memoir illustrative of a general geological map of the principal mountain chains of Europe (1823). FRS 1819.
CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 117-18, 132 | Challinor 185

Cooke, Philip Henry (1859–1950)
Desmond 166 | Kent and Allen 117

Cooke, Samuel Hay (1818–1877)
Desmond 166 | Kent and Allen 117

Cooper, Oliver St John (1741–1801)
Vicar of Podington, and also Thurleigh, Bedfordshire; contributed to John Nichols's Collections towards History and Antiquities of Bedfordshire (1783).
Desmond 168

Cooper, W.H. Windle (–1929)
Desmond 168

Corbett, Waties (1796–1855)
Desmond 169

Cornewall, George Henry (1833–1908)
Armstrong 55

Cornthwaite, Tullie (1807–1879)
Desmond 170 | Kent and Allen 119

Correia Da Serra, José Francisco. See Serra; José Correia de

Cory, C.P. (1859–1940)
Rector of Campsea Ashe, Suffolk.
Other | Kent and Allen 119

Cotton, William (1813–1879)
Anglican missionary in New Zealand. Apiarist. Author of A Short and Simple Letter to Cottagers from a Bee Preserver (1837), A Few Simple Rules for New Zealand Beekeepers (1844), A Manual for New Zealand Beekeepers (1848), and Buzz a Buzz or The Bees.
Wikipedia

Covel, John (1638–1722)
Chaplain to the Levant Company in Constantinople then to the Princess of Orange in The Hague; vicar of Littlebury, Essex, and Kegworth, Leicestershire; Vice-chancellor of Oxford University. Collected plants in Turkey and later became an expert on fossils.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 172

Cowan, William Deans (1844–1924)
Desmond 173

Cowper, Spencer (1713–1774)
Dean of Durham. Kept a nature journal which included weather records.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia

Coyte, William Beeston (1740–1810)
Ordained medical doctor and owner of a botanic garden in Ipswich, Suffolk. Author of Hortus botanicus Gippovicensis, or, A systematical enumeration of the plants cultivated in Dr Coyte's botanic garden at Ipswich (1796) and Index plantarum (1807).
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Desmond 175

Crabbe, George (1754–1832)
Rector of Muston then Croxton Kerrial, Leicestershire, Allington, Lincolnshire, and Trowbridge, Wiltshire. Poet of rural life and botanist who burnt an English-language treatise on botany after mistakenly being told it should be in Latin.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 59 | Desmond 175

Crawshaw, A.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 120

Cresswell, Richard (1815–1882)
Desmond 177 | Kent and Allen 120

Crombie, James Morrison (1830–1906)
Desmond 179

Crombleholme, John (fl. 1890s-1920s)
Priest at St Mary's Roman Catholic church, Clayton le Moors, Lancashire, between 1892-1923 and cultivator of Orchids. Retired to New Zealand.
Desmond 179

Crotch, William Robert (1799–1877)
Desmond 180 | Kent and Allen 121

Crouch, James Frederick (1809–1888)
Desmond 180 | Kent and Allen 121

Crouch, William (1818–1846)
Desmond 180 | Kent and Allen 121

Cruttwell, Norman (1916–1995)
Anglican missionary in New Guinea; expert on tropical orchids.
Armstrong 156-57 | Kent and Allen 122

Cullum, John (1733–1785)
Rector of Hawstead and Great Thurlow and 6th Baronet of Hawstead and Hardwick, Suffolk. Antiquary and naturalist, author of The History and Antiquities of Hawsted and Hardwick in the County of Suffolk (1784). FRS 1775.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 183 | Kent and Allen 122

Cumming, Joseph George (1812–1868)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 111-12

Cundhill, John (1812–1894)
Desmond 184

Currey, John (c. 1736–1825)
Rector of Longfield and vicar of Dartford, Kent; Associate of the Linnean Society. ALS 1792.
CCEd

Curtis, William (1746–1799)
Quaker botanist and entomologist, pioneer of botanic gardens in London, author of Instructions for Collecting and Preserving Insects (1771), Flora Londinenses (1777-98), and Lectures on Botany (1802).
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 187 | Kent and Allen 123

Cuthbert (c. 634–687)
Saint, Bishop of Lindisfarne, Northumberland, celebrated for several miracles involving animals; said to have introduced laws to protect eider ducks and other seabirds in Northumberland.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 37-38

Dalby, Robert (1808–1884)
Desmond 189 | Kent and Allen 123

Dallinger, William Henry (1839–1909)
Wikipedia | Desmond 190

Dalton, James (1764–1843)
Vicar of Copgrove, Catterick, then Rector of Croft, Yorkshire. Botanist specialising in sedges, lichens, and mosses. Herbarium at York Museum. Contributed to J. Sowerby's English Botany. FLS 1803.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 191 | Kent and Allen 124

Dalton, John (1766–1844)
Quaker meteorologist and chemist from Eaglesfield, Cumberland, lived mainly in Manchester; celebrated as the first scientist to calculate the atomic weights of elements. Kept weather diary for 57 years. FRS 1822.
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Kent and Allen 124

Daltry, Thomas William (1832–1904)
Desmond 191 | Kent and Allen 124

Daniel, Henry (c. 1315–c. 1385)
Dominican friar and herbalist, cultivated 'a garden at Stepney beside London'; author of a herbal called Aaron Danielis (c. 1380).
ODNB | Desmond 192

Daniel, Richard (–1864)
Desmond 192

D'Arcy, Charles Frederick (1859–1938)
Desmond 193

Darwall, Leicester (1813–1897)
Desmond 193 | Kent and Allen 124

Davidson, George (c.1854–1901)
Desmond 195

Davies, Hugh (1739–1821)
Rector of Llandegfan with Beaumaris, Anglesey, then rector of Aber, Caernarvonshire. Botanist and author of Welsh Botanology (1813) the first work to cross-reference Welsh names of plants with their scientific names. FLS 1790.
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 196 | Kent and Allen 125

Davies, John (c. 1570–1644)
Rector of Mallwyd, Merionethshire and canon of St Asaph's Cathedral, Denbighshire. Lexicographer whose Welsh-Latin dictionary, Antiquae linguae Britannicae ... et linguae Latinae dictionarium duplex (1632) included plant names copied from Thomas Williams.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 196

Davies, John (1743–1817)
Rector of Orwell, Cambridgeshire, and fellow of Trinity, Cambridge. Both Desmond and Kent & Allen note that Davies gave a herbarium to John Hawkins (fl. 1739-95), which has not been traced. FLS 1794.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 197 | Kent and Allen 125

Davies, Richard Henry (c. 1800–1887)
Missionary. Arrived in Tasmania in 1831 and collected plants.
Desmond 197

Davy, David Elisha (1769–1851)
Curacies at Theberton and Yoxford, Suffolk. Antiquary, botanist, and topographer. Anonymous author of works about Suffolk. Herbarium at Ipswich Museum. FLS 1793.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Kent and Allen 126

De Lisle, George Walter (1827–1888)
Desmond 202 | Kent and Allen 127

Deacon, Ernest (1872–1937)
Desmond 200

Delany, Patrick (1686–1768)
Dean of Down and Chancellor of both Christ Church and St. Patrick's cathedrals, Dublin. With his wife Mary Pendarves (née Granville) set out gardens at Delville House, Glasnevin, Co. Dublin, and Mount Panther, Co. Down.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 202

Derham, William (1657–1735)
Rector of Upminster, Essex; meteorologist who first accurately calculated the speed of sound and author of works of natural theology, especially Physico-theology: or, a demonstration of the being and attributes of God, from His works of creation (1713). FRS 1703.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia

Dewey, Edward (fl. 1830s)
Apparently vicar of Rainham, Norfolk. Kept a herbarium.
Desmond 204 | Kent and Allen 128

Dickenson, John Horatio (c. 1777–1854)
Curate at Blymhill, Shropshire and later Harborough Magna, Warwickshire. Fellow of the Linnean Society. Son of Samuel Dickenson. FLS 1796.
CCEd

Dickenson, Samuel (1733–1823)
Rector of Blymhill, Staffordshire, and contributor to several histories and natural histories. Botanised in France in 1766-7 with Charles Darwin (1758-78), uncle of the naturalist.
CCEd | Wikipedia | Desmond 205

Dickson, Adam (1721–1776)
Minister of Duns, Berwickshire, then Whittingham, Haddingtonshire; author of A Treatise on Agriculture (1762-69), Small Farms Destructive to the Country in its Present Situation (1764), and The Husbandry of the Ancients (1788).
ODNB | Desmond 206

Dodd, John (fl. 1790s-1820s)
Vicar of Wigton, Cumberland, 1804-1826. Botanist who contributed to Turner and Dillwyn's Botanist's Guide (1805).
CCEd | Desmond 210

Dodsworth, Joseph (1799–1877)
Desmond 211 | Kent and Allen 129

Dodsworth, Matthew (1653–1695)
Rector of Sessay, Yorkshire, corresponded with John Ray about ferns, plants at NHM.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 211 | Kent and Allen 129

D'Ombrain, Henry Honywood (1818–1905)
Desmond 211

Doubleday, Edward (1811–1849)
Quaker entomologist. Author of List of Lepidopterous Insects in the British Museum (1844-48) and The Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera (1852); founder member of the Entomological Society of London.
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 213

Doubleday, Henry (1808–1875)
Quaker entomologist and ornithologist. Author of Nomenclature of British Birds (1836) and Synonymic List of British Lepidoptera (1850); founder member of the Entomological Society of London.
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 213 | Kent and Allen 130

Doubleday, Henry (1810–1902)
Quaker horticulturalist and manufacturer of glues and gums; promoted the use of 'Russian Comfrey' (a hybrid of Symphytum officinale and S. asperum) as a replacement for gum arabic.
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia

Douglas, Robert Cooper (1823–1887)
Desmond 214 | Kent and Allen 131

Drake, William Fitt (1786–1874)
Desmond 216

Du Port, James Mourant (1832–1899)
Desmond 222

Duncan, James (c. 1802–1861)
Desmond 220 | Kent and Allen 133

Duncumb, John (1765–1839)
Rector of Abbey Dore, Herefordshire. Topographer and agriculturalist. Author of Essay on ... Pasture Lands (1801), History of the County and City of Hereford (1804), and A General View of the Agriculture of the County of Hereford (1805).
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 221

Dunlap, Elizabeth Frances (Wilkinson) (1833–1908)
Had a herbarium of '4 large volumes' according to Hind and Babington in The Flora of Suffolk (1889) p. 420. Wife of Rev. Arthur Philip Dunlap of Bardwell, Suffolk.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 133

Durnford, Richard (1802–1895)
Desmond 223 | Kent and Allen 133

Dyce, Alexander (1798–1869)
Desmond 224

Dymock, S.F.
According to Kent and Allen, herbarium at Somerset Museum, Taunton. Probably the coin collector T.F. Dymock, Curate of Dalwood, Devon (c. 1810-c. 1858).
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 134

Earle, John (c. 1601–1665)
Bishop of Worcester, then Salisbury. Author and translator. MS poem 'Hortus Mertonensis', on the garden at Merton College, Oxford, at the Bodleian.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 225

Earle, John (1824–1903)
Desmond 225

Eaton, Alfred Edwin (1845–1929)
Desmond 226 | Kent and Allen 134

Edwards, Zachary James (1799–1880)
Desmond 229 | Kent and Allen 135

Egerton, G. (fl. 1840s)
Kent and Allen 135

Ellacombe, Henry Nicholson (1822–1916)
Desmond 230

Ellacombe, Henry Thomas (1790–1885)
Desmond 230

Eller, Charles Irvin (c, 1845–1903)
Desmond 230

Elliot, Edward Arthur (1890–1960)
Desmond 230 | Kent and Allen 135

Elliott, William (1792–1858)
Desmond 230 | Kent and Allen 136

Ellis, William (1794–1872)
Desmond 232

Ellison, Charles Christopher (1835–1912)
Desmond 232

Ellison, Henry (1820–)
Kent and Allen 136

Ellman, Ernest (1854–1929)
Desmond 232 | Kent and Allen 136

Elmhurst, William (1827–1899)
Kent and Allen 136

Engleheart, George Herbert (1851–1936)
Desmond 234

Eriugena, John Scotus (c. 800–c. 877)
Monk, theologian, philosopher, and poet from Ireland, later resident at Aachen; author of Periphyseon, also known as De Divisione Naturae (The Division of Nature).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 234

Evans, R.W. (1789–1866)
Desmond 236 | Kent and Allen 137

Ewbank, Henry (1828–1901)
Desmond 237

Ewing, John Walter (1856–1905)
Desmond 237 | Kent and Allen 137

Ewing, Thomas James (1813–1882)
Desmond 238

Eyre, William Leigh Williamson (1841–1914)
Desmond 238 | Kent and Allen 138

Farquharson, James (1781–1843)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 241

Farquharson, James (1832–1906)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 241 | Kent and Allen 138

Farrar, Frederic William (1831–1903)
Desmond 242 | Kent and Allen 138

Faulkner, Joseph (1886–1948)
Desmond 242

Favell, Charles (1740–1807)
Rector of Brington, Huntingdonshire, and vicar of Maxey, Northamptonshire. Antiquarian and fellow of the Linnean Society. FLS 1792.
CCEd

Featherstonhaugh, Walter (c. 1820–)
Desmond 243

Feilden, Oswald Mosley (1837–1924)
Desmond 243 | Kent and Allen 139

Fellowes, Charles (1813–1896)
Vicar of Shotesham, Norfolk, and President of the National Dahlia Society.
Desmond 243

Fereday, John (1813–1871)
Desmond 244

Fergusson, John (1834–1907)
Desmond 244 | Kent and Allen 139

Fielding, Cecil Henry (1848–1918)
Desmond 245

Firminger, Thomas Augustus Charles (1812–1884)
Desmond 247

Fisher, Osmond (1817–1914)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 122-23

Fisher, Robert (1848–1933)
Desmond 248 | Kent and Allen 140

Fleming, John (1785–1857)
Desmond 250 | Kent and Allen 140

Flemying, William Westropp (c. 1849–1921)
Desmond 251 | Kent and Allen 140

Foley, Samuel (1655–1695)
Bishop of Down and Connor, before that vicar of Finglas, Dublin; member of Dublin Philosophical Society; botanist and microscopist.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 252

Forby, Joseph (1734–1799)
Rector of Fincham, Norfolk. Agricultural reformer, Noted in Young, General View of the Agriculture of … Norfolk (1804) as an innovator with cabbages. Noted by J.E. Smith in Flora Britannica p. 1344 as discoverer of Salix x forbyana. Uncle of Robert Forby.
CCEd | Other

Forby, Robert (1759–1825)
Rector of Fincham and, earlier, Horningtoft, Norfolk. Philologist with interests in botany and agriculture. Nephew of Joseph Forby. FLS 1797.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 254 | Kent and Allen 142

Ford, John (1801–1875)
Quaker headmaster of Bootham School, York, whose 'Natural History, Literary and Polytechnic Society' inspired dozens of Quaker naturalists.
Quakers | Kent and Allen 142

Forster, Johann Reinhold (1729–1798)
German Calvinist pastor, tutor at the Warrington Academy, and naturalist on James Cook's second Pacific voyage. Author of A Catalogue of the Animals of North America (1771) and Observations Made during a Voyage round the World (1778). FRS 1772.
BHL | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 256

Fothergill, John (1712–1780)
Quaker doctor and amateur botanist and conchologist; developed a botanic garden at Upton House, West Ham, Essex. FRS 1763.
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 258

Foulkes, Robert (c. 1702–1729)
Ordained and MD, born Llanfrothen Merionethshire. Botanist and herbalist, corresponded with Richard Richardson and Samuel Brewer. [Desmond confuses with infamous rector of Llanbedr Dyffryn Clwyd - not the same person].
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 259 | Kent and Allen 143

Foulkes, Thomas (1825–1900)
Missionary in Madras, India, antiquarian, linguist, and occasional collector of plants.
Desmond 259

Fountaine, John (c. 1814–1877)
Desmond 259

Fountaine, Margaret (1862–1940)
Diarist, lepidopterist, and explorer; daughter of Rev. John Fountaine.
Wikipedia

Fowler, William Warde (1835–1912)
Armstrong 57, 101, 102 | Desmond 259 | Kent and Allen 143

Fox, Alfred (1794–1874)
Other | Desmond 260

Fox, Charles (1797–1878)
Wikipedia

Fox, Edward (1826–1891)
Vicar of Romford, Essex, and later rector of Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire; dean of divinity at Oxford. Collected plants in Berkshire and Oxfordshire.
Desmond 260

Fox, George Croker (1784–1850)

Fox, Henry Elliott (1841–1926)
Desmond 260 | Kent and Allen 143

Fox, Howard (1836–1922)
Wikipedia

Fox, Robert Were (1789–1877)
Quakers | Wikipedia

Fox, William Darwin (1805–1880)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 100-101, 180

Francis, Robert Bransby (c. 1768–1850)
Vicar of Roughton, Norfolk, alongside various curacies. Botanist with interest in ferns and liverworts. Contributed to J. Sowerby's English Botany. FLS 1797.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 261 | Kent and Allen 143

Fraser, James (1634–1709)
Minister of Kirkhill, Inverness-shire, traveller and diarist; author of MS Triennial travels (1660s) and Wardlaw Manuscript (1774) which contain natural history and meteorology.
ODNB

Fraser, James (1814–1902)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 262 | Kent and Allen 144

Freeman, Thomas Birch (1809–1890)
Wesleyan Methodist minister and missionary of African descent. Founder of the Methodist churches of the Gold Coast and Nigeria; botanist and gardener; author of Journal of various visits to the kingdom of Ashanti, Aku and Dahomey (1844).
ODNB | Wikipedia

Freer, Walter Leacroft (c. 1889–c. 1945)
Kent and Allen 144

French, David John (c. 1857–c. 1896)
Kent and Allen 144

Friend, Hilderic (1852–1940)
Desmond 264 | Kent and Allen 145

Fulke, William (c. 1537–1589)
Vicar of Great Warley, Essex, and Dennington, Suffolk; Master of Pembroke, Cambridge. Meteorologist (A Goodly Gallerye, 1563) and critic of astrology (Antiprognosticon, 1560).
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia

Gace, Frederick Aubert (1812–1902)
Desmond 268

Gale, John Sadler (1835–1915)
Desmond 268 | Kent and Allen 145

Galloway, William Brown (1811–1903)
Armstrong 5-6, 123-25, 172

Galpin, Francis William (1858–1945)
Desmond 268 | Kent and Allen 145

Gardiner, James (1689–1732)
Subdean of Lincoln Cathedral and prebendary of Asgarby; translated René Rapin's Of Gardens (1706).
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 270

Garnett, Philip Mauleverer (1906–1967)
Armstrong 59 | Desmond 271 | Kent and Allen 146

Garnett, Richard (1789–1850)
Desmond 271

Garnier, Thomas (1776–1873)
FLS 1800.
Desmond 271 | Kent and Allen 146

Garnons, William Lewes Pugh (1791–1863)
Desmond 271 | Kent and Allen 146

Garnsey, Henry Edward Fowler (1826–1903)
Desmond 271 | Kent and Allen 146

Gasking, Samuel (1852–1925)
Desmond 272 | Kent and Allen 146

Gatty, Alfred (1813–1903)
Vicar of Ecclesfield, Yorkshire; had a herbarium and assisted his wife Margaret Gatty, the algologist and children's author.
Herbaria@Home | Wikipedia | Kent and Allen 146

Gatty, Margaret (1809–1873)
Phycologist and children's writer on religious themes, married to Rev. A. Gatty of Ecclesfield, Yorkshire. Author of Parables from Nature (1855-71) and A History of British Seaweeds (1863). Herbarium at St. Andrew's Botanic Garden, Fife.
BHL | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 53 | Desmond 273

Gaunt, Charles (1789–1867)
Desmond 273 | Kent and Allen 147

Gawthorp, William (–1759)
Rector of Ripley, Yorkshire. Annotated copy of J. Wilson's Synopsis of British Plants apparently at Merseyside Museums.
Armstrong 60 | Desmond 273

Gerald of Wales (c. 1146–c. 1223)
Norman-Welsh priest Archdeacon of Brecon, and historian whose descriptions of Wales and Ireland, including Descriptio Cambriae (Description of Wales), pay much attention to wildlife.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 30-32

Gerard, John (1840–1912)
Desmond 275

Gibbes, Heneage (1802–1887)
Desmond 275

Gibson, Thomas Brownell (1847–1927)
Wikipedia | Desmond 277

Gilbert, Samuel (–c. 1692)
Rector of Quatt, Shropshire. Horticulturalist and author of the Florist's Vademecum (1682) and Gardener's Almanack (1683).
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 278

Gill, William Wyatt (1828–1896)
Desmond 279

Gillet, E.A. (1842–1927)
Kent and Allen 149

Gilpin, William (1724–1804)
Vicar of Boldre, Hampshire, and prebendary of Salisbury; artist and critic who pioneered the idea of the picturesque in numerous publications including a series of 'Observations' on British landscapes (1782-1809) and Remarks on Forest Scenery (1791).
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 59 | Desmond 280

Gisborne, Thomas (1758–1846)
Prebendary of Durham and curate of Barton-under-Needwood, Staffordshire. Geologist, poet, and Clapham Sect evangelical, author of Walks in a Forest (1794), Testimony of Natural Theology (1818), and Considerations on Modern Theories of Geology (1837). FLS 1799.
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 281 | Kent and Allen 149

Glen, Andrew (c. 1666–1732)
Rector of Hathern, Leicestershire. Botanist and friend of John Ray. Collected a large herbarium in England, Sweden, and Italy.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Desmond 282 | Kent and Allen 149

Glenie, Samuel Owen (1811–1875)
Desmond 282

Glennie, Benjamin (1812–1900)
Kent and Allen 149

Goddard, Edward Hungerford (1854–1947)
Desmond 283

Goldie, Hugh (1815–1895)
Missionary to Old Calabar, Nigeria.
Desmond 284

Goode, Reginald Henry (c. 1890–c. 1967)
Kent and Allen 150

Goodenough, Samuel (1743–1827)
Bishop of Carlisle and, earlier, Dean of Rochester, vicar of Broughton Poggs, Brize Norton, and Cropredy, Oxfordshire, and Boxley, Kent. Botanist, first treasurer of the Linnean Society, author of several articles in its Transactions. FLS 1787. FRS 1789.
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 111 | Desmond 285 | Kent and Allen 150

Gordon, Charles
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 151

Gordon, George (1801–1893)
Desmond 286 | Kent and Allen 151

Gosse, Philip Henry (1810–1888)
Methodist lay preacher then member of the Plymouth Brethren. Marine zoologist with many other interests and a prolific writer. Author of The Canadian Naturalist (1840), The Aquarium (1854), and Omphalos (1857), which pondered the problem of Adam’s navel. FRS 1856.
BHL | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 287

Gough, Edward John (1850–1946)
Desmond 288 | Kent and Allen 151

Graham, George Gordon (1917–2015)
Armstrong 4, 10, 55 | Kent and Allen 152

Graham, Henry Longueville (1844–1921)
Desmond 290 | Kent and Allen 152

Graham, Patrick (1756–1835)
Minister of Aberfoyle, Perthshire. Author of Sketches descriptive of picturesque scenery, on the southern confines of Perthshire ... with notices of natural history (1806) and View of the agriculture of Stirlingshire (1812).
Desmond 290

Grainger, John (1830–1891)
Desmond 291 | Kent and Allen 152

Gray, D.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 153

Gray, John Durbin (1844–1925)
Desmond 292 | Kent and Allen 153

Gray, W.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 153

Green, Thomas (c.1738–1788)
Curate of Wymeswold, Leicestershire. Botanist and geologist who was Woodwardian Professor of Geology at Cambridge University.
CCEd | Wikipedia | Desmond 294

Green, Vincent Arnott (c. 1862–c. 1900)
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 153

Green, William (fl. 1720s-1740s)
Possibly Oxford; apparently botanised in Wales.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 294 | Kent and Allen 153

Green, William Spotswood (1847–1919)
Desmond 294

Greenstock, William (1830–1912)
Desmond 295

Greenwell, William (1820–1918)
Desmond 296

Gregor, Arthur George (1867–1954)
Desmond 296 | Kent and Allen 154

Gretton, William (1736–1813)
Archdeacon of Essex, Vicar of Saffron Walden and Rector of Littlebury, Essex; Master of Magdalene College, and Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University. Kept a weather/nature diary in 1773, now at Valence House Museum, Barking and Dagenham.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 302

Griffiths, Amelia Elizabeth (née Rogers) (1768–1858)
Phycologist, known as 'The Queen of Seaweeds', married to Rev. William Griffith (1784-1802), rector of Salisbury St Edmund, Wiltshire, and perpetual vicar of St Issey, Cornwall. After his death moved to Torquay, Devon.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 300 | Kent and Allen 155

Griffiths, Evan (1795–1873)
Desmond 300

Grindal, Edmund (c. 1519–1583)
Archbishop of Canterbury, previously Bishop of London and Archbishop of York; gardener who introduced Tamarisk into Great Britain.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 301

Groult, Philip (fl. 1800s)
Clerical status unclear. Botanist and correspondent of J.E. Smith. According to Desmond resident at Walworth, Surrey, but listed as an overseas FLS. FLS 1800.
Desmond 302

Guilding, Lansdown (1797–1831)
Wikipedia | Desmond 303

Guille, Mary Elizabeth (c. 1821–1903)
Desmond 303 | Kent and Allen 156

Gunn, George (1851–1900)
Desmond 304 | Kent and Allen 156

Gunn, John (1801–1890)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 19

Gutteres, Frederick Emanuel (c. 1822–1899)
Rector of Nymet Rowland and vicar of Coleridge, Devon; earlier a naval chaplain. Herbarium at Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 156

Hailstone, John (1759–1847)
Vicar of Trumpington, Cambridgeshire, and Woodwardian Professor of Geology at Cambridge. Geologist and founder member of the Geological Society. FLS 1800. FRS 1800.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 110 | Desmond 307 | Kent and Allen 157

Hales, Stephen (1677–1761)
Perpetual curate of Teddington, Middlesex and rector of Porlock, Somerset, and Farringdon, Hampshire. Pioneer of plant and animal physiology. Author of Vegetable Staticks (1727) Haemastaticks (1733), and Philosophical Experiments (1739). FRS 1718.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 50-51 | Desmond 308

Hall, Charles Albert (1872–1965)
Desmond 309

Halliday, Guy (fl. 1920s)
Kent and Allen 158

Halpin, Nicholson John (1790–1850)
Desmond 310

Hamilton, George (1769–1833)
Founder of St. George's Church, Balbriggan, Co. Dublin where he maintained a garden and grew trees resistant to 'marine breeze'. Hamilton was also the keeper of Balbriggan lighthouse.
Other | Desmond 311

Hamilton, James (1814–1867)
Desmond 311 | Kent and Allen 158

Hanbury, Daniel (1825–1875)
Quaker botanist and pharmacologist. Assisted brother Thomas Hanbury with garden at La Mortola. Author of Pharmacographia; A History of the Principal Drugs of Vegetable Origin met with in Great Britain and British India (1874) and Science Papers (1876). FRS 1867.
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 313 | Kent and Allen 158

Hanbury, Thomas (1832–1907)
Quaker tea merchant, gardener, and botanist from Clapham, Surrey. Garden at La Mortola, Italy. Bought and donated Wisley Garden, Surrey, to Royal Horticultural Society.
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 313

Hanbury, William (1725–1778)
Rector of Church Langton, Leicestershire. Horticulturalist who created extensive plantations. Author of Essay on planting... to the glory of God (1758), The Gardener's New Calendar (1758) and A Complete Body of Planting and Gardening (1770–71).
CCEd | ODNB | Desmond 313

Hannington, James (1847–1885)
Desmond 315

Harbin, George (c. 1665–1744)
Chaplain to Francis Turner, bishop of Ely, and later to Thomas Thynne, first Viscount Weymouth. Mainly a historian but manuscript 'Memoirs of Gardening' held at Longleat House, Wiltshire.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 316

Harding, Michael (c. 1649–c. 1690)
Ordained in Oxford but parish unknown. MS annotations in works by John Ray at British Library.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 316 | Kent and Allen 159

Harper, William (c. 1691–1749)
Chaplain to George, 3rd earl of Cholmondeley and rector of Barwick in Elmet, Yorkshire. Author of The antiquity, innocence, and pleasure of gardening (1732).
CCEd | Desmond 319

Harpur-Crewe, Henry (1828–1883)
Desmond 319 | Kent and Allen 160

Harriman, John (1760–1831)
Perpetual curate of Heighington, Croxdale, and Ash and Satley, Co. Durham. Botanist and mineralogist with a special interest in lichens. FLS 1798.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 319 | Kent and Allen 160

Harris, James (fl. 1840s-1870s)
Kent and Allen 160

Harris, John (c. 1666–1719)
Prebendary of Rochester, Kent, rector of Winchelsea and vicar of Icklesham, Sussex. FRS, encyclopaedist, compiler of voyages, author of Remarks on some late papers relating to the universal deluge, and to the natural history of the earth (1697). FRS 1696.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia

Harrison, Robert (1715–1802)
Quaker natural philosopher, master of Trinity House navigation school in Newcastle.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Desmond 321 | Kent and Allen 161

Harrison, W.S. (fl. 1880s-1890s)
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 161

Harrison, William (1535–1593)
Rector of Radwinter, Essex, Canon of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Author of A Description of England (1577), in Holinshed's Chronicles.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 321

Hartley, Peter Harold Trehair (1909–1985)
Armstrong 3, 10, 79, 147, 149

Hartley, Thomas Procter (c. 1867–1958)
Vicar of Colton, then Morland, Lancashire, assisted H.A Macpherson.
Armstrong 92

Hartshorne, Charles Henry (1802–1865)
Desmond 323 | Kent and Allen 161

Hart-Smith, Thomas Northmore. See Smith-Pearse, Thomas Northmore Hart

Harvey, Henry Herbert (fl. 1900s-1910s)
Kent and Allen 161

Hassé, Alexander Cossart (1813–1894)
Desmond 325 | Kent and Allen 162

Hatton, Charles Osborne Smeathman (1872–1932)
Desmond 325

Haughton, Samuel (1821–1897)
Desmond 326

Hawker, William Henry (1828–1874)
Desmond 326 | Kent and Allen 162

Hawkes, Henry (1805–1886)
Desmond 327

Haydon, George Philip (c. 1846–1913)
Vicar of Hatfield, Yorkshire; cultivated narcissi.
Desmond 328

Hayes, Francis Carlile (1838–1931)
Desmond 329

Head, Oswald (–1867)
Apparently vicar of Howick, Northumberland; kept a herbarium.
Kent and Allen 163

Headley, Alexander (1826–1899)
Desmond 330

Heath, Douglas Montague (1881–1961)
Desmond 330 | Kent and Allen 163

Heath, William Mortimer (1823–1817)
Kent and Allen 163

Heathcote, Evelyn Dawsonne (1844–1908)
Desmond 331

Heaton, Richard (1601–1666)
Rector of Birr, County Offaly, Kilkeel, Co. Down, and Dean of Clonfert, Co. Galway. Botanised in both England and Ireland; produced one of the earliest systematic studies of the Irish Flora.
Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 331

Hemsted, John (1746–1824)
Vicar of Bedford St. Paul, Bedfordshire. Botanist with an interest in Mentha. Contributed to J. Sowerby's English Botany.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Armstrong 12, 56 | Desmond 333 | Kent and Allen 164

Hennah, Richard (1732–1815)
Vicar of St. Austell, Cornwall. Minerologist whose 'choice collection of minerals' was sold after his death in 1815 (Gents. Mag. May 1815, 473).
Other

Hennah, Richard John (1765–1846)
Perpetual curate of Wembury, Devon, and earlier chaplain to the Plymouth Garrison. Geologist. Author of A succinct account of the lime rocks of Plymouth (1823)
BHL | CCEd | Other | Challinor 191

Hennah, W.P. (fl. 1820s-1830s)
Church career unknown, but apparently a geologist and malacologist after whom Chiton hennahi is named (Gray, 1828). Papers on specimens collected at Ascension Island presented to GSL 1835 and 1838.
Other

Henricus Anglicus (fl.c. C13th–)
Possibly either (or both) a friar or a doctor; author of a poem now in the Sloane collection that offers a planting scheme for a 'square garden'.
Desmond 335

Henry of Huntingdon (c. 1088–1157)
Archdeacon of Huntingdon, historian, poet, and herbalist; author of the verse herbal Anglicanus ortus.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 335

Henslow, George (1835–1925)
Armstrong 19, 64-65, 174 | Desmond 336 | Kent and Allen 164

Henslow, John Stevens (1796–1861)
Rector of Hitcham, Suffolk, and Professor of Botany at Cambridge University. Friend and mentor of Charles Darwin. Author of The Principles of Descriptive and Physiological Botany (1835).
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 3, 5, 8-9, 10, 15, 18, 19, 52, 55, 63, 67, 146-47, 171, 180 | Challinor 191 | Desmond 336 | Kent and Allen 164

Herbert, William (1778–1847)
Desmond 336

Hervey, George (1893–1967)
Desmond 337

Hewan, Archibald (c. 1832–1883)
Other | Desmond 338

Hey, Samuel (1781–1852)
Vicar of Ockbrook, Derbyshire, collector of beetles, and friend of William Darwin Fox.
Armstrong 100-101

Hick, James Marmaduke (c. 1846–1932)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 339 | Kent and Allen 165

Hickey, William (1787–1875)
Wikipedia | Desmond 340

Higgens, John Bury (fl. 1910s)
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 165

Higgins, Henry Hugh (1814–1893)
Armstrong 9, 144, 146, 173 | Desmond 340

Hill, C.H. (fl. 1840s)
Kent and Allen 166

Hill, Edward (1809–1900)
Desmond 341 | Kent and Allen 166

Hill, Elizabeth (1758–1843)
Phycologist and entomologist from a large family of clergymen based in Pilton, Devon.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 341 | Kent and Allen 166

Hincks, Hannah (1798–1871)
Algologist and botanist; eldest daughter of Rev. T.D. Hincks (1767-1857)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 343 | Kent and Allen 166

Hincks, Thomas (1818–1899)
Unitarian Minister and Zoologist. Son of William Hincks (1794-1871) FRS 1872.
ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia

Hincks, Thomas (c. 1836–c. 1913)
Kent and Allen 166

Hincks, Thomas Dix (1767–1857)
Presbyterian minister in Cork then Fermoy, Co. Cork, later at Belfast. Agriculturalist and botanist. Contributed to J. Sowerby's English Botany and E. Wakefield's Account of Ireland. Father of William (1794-1871) and Hannah Hincks (1798-1871).
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 344 | Kent and Allen 166

Hincks, William (1794–1871)
Unitarian minister and Professor of Natural History in Toronto. Son of Thomas Dix Hincks (1767-1857) and father of Thomas Hincks (1818-1899).
Wikipedia | Desmond 344 | Kent and Allen 166

Hind, William Marsden (1815–1894)
Desmond 344 | Kent and Allen 166

Hoblyn, Richard Dennis (1803–1886)
Desmond 345

Hodges, Charles Bishop (1796–1864)
Desmond 346

Hodges, Thomas (1791–1882)
Desmond 346

Holbech, Charles (1782–1837)
Desmond 348

Holcombe, John (1710–1775)
Prebendary of Llandarog and Rector of Tenby and of Gumfreston, Pembrokeshire. Botanist who corresponded with John Lightfoot and Joseph Banks, among others.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 348 | Kent and Allen 167

Hole, Samuel Reynolds (1819–1904)
Desmond 348

Holland, J.A. (fl. 1860s-1890s)
Kent and Allen 168

Holloway, Benjamin (c. 1691–1759)
Rector of Middleton Stoney, Oxfordshire and Archdeacon of Bedford. Biblical scholar, linguist, and geologist, author of The Natural History of the Earth (1726). FRS 1723.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Challinor 192

Holloway, John Ernest (1881–1945)
Armstrong 166

Holme, John (1783–1829)
FLS 1800.
Desmond 350 | Kent and Allen 168

Holmes, Arthur Beresford (1864–1947)
Desmond 350 | Kent and Allen 168

Holmes, Edward Adolphus (1809–1886)
Desmond 350 | Kent and Allen 168

Hombersley, Arthur (1866–1941)
Desmond 351

Homfray, Kenyon (1812–1883)
Desmond 351 | Kent and Allen 168

Hopkins, Gerard Manley (1844–1899)
Jesuit priest, poet, and artist; produced flower sketches.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 354

Hore, William Strong (1807–1882)
Desmond 355 | Kent and Allen 169

Horman, William (c. 1440–1535)
Rector of East Wretham, Norfolk, Master of Eton College, Berkshire; linguist and grammarian who also wrote a Herbarum synonyma.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 355

Horner, Francis Daltry (c. 1838–1912)
Desmond 356

Hort, Fenton John Anthony (1828–1892)
Desmond 357 | Kent and Allen 169

Hose, George Frederick (1838–1922)
Desmond 357

Hose, Gertrude (1883–1977)
Desmond 358

How, William Walsham (1823–1897)
Desmond 359 | Kent and Allen 170

Howard, Luke (1772–1864)
Quaker meteorologist in London; author of An Essay on the Modification of Clouds (1803) and celebrated for his system of naming clouds.
Quakers | Wikipedia

Howchin, Walter (1845–1937)
Wikipedia

Howson, John (1817–1866)
Desmond 361 | Kent and Allen 171

Hudson, John Clare (1848–1934)
Kent and Allen 171

Hughes, Griffith (1707–c. 1759)
Rector of Radnor and Evansburg, Pennsylvania, and later of St. Lucy's, Barbados. FRS. Author of The Natural History of Barbados (1750). FRS 1748.
BHL | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 362

Hull, John Edward (1863–1960)
Armstrong 103 | Desmond 363 | Kent and Allen 171

Humphreys, D. (fl. 1680s)
Apparently collected seaweed in Anglesey.
Desmond 364

Hunkin, Joseph Wellington (1887–1950)
Bishop of Truro and author of a series of 'Letters from a Cornish Bishop's Garden'.
Wikipedia | Desmond 365

Hunter, Robert (1823–1897)
Desmond 366

Hunter, Sylvester Joseph (1829–1896)
Armstrong 179 | Desmond 366 | Kent and Allen 172

Huntington, Robert (1637–1701)
Chaplain to the Levant Company at Aleppo, later rector of Great Hallingbury in Essex and (briefly) Bishop of Raphoe, Donegal; collected plants in Aleppo, now at Oxford.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 367

Huntley, John Thomas (c. 1790–1881)
Desmond 367

Hussey, Anna Maria (1805–1853)
Mycologist, writer, and illustrator; author of Illustrations of British Mycology (2 vols. 1847-55). Wife of astronomer Rev. Thomas John Hussey (1792-1866), rector of Hayes, Kent. Correspondence with Rev. Miles Joseph Berkeley.
BHL | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 368

Hutchinson, Thomas (1815–1903)
Desmond 369 | Kent and Allen 173

Hutchinson, Thomas (1846–1916)
Desmond 369

Hutchinson, Thomas Neville (1826–1899)
Desmond 369 | Kent and Allen 173

Innes, Robert (fl. 1720s-1730s)
Rector of Magilligan, Co. Londonderry, and author of Miscellaneous letters on several subjects in philosophy and astronomy (1732).
Desmond 374

Irwin, John James (c. 1810–1889)
Curate at Steeple Claydon, Buckinghamshire, and Colonial Chaplain at Hong Kong, 1856-1865. Collected some plants in Hong Kong.
Desmond 375

Ismay, Joseph (1708–1778)
Vicar of Mirfield, Yorkshire. Epitaph in the church notes 'he was a singular lover of antiquity and studied botany'. His 'Mirfield Diaries' in W. Yorks archives contain much botanical information.
CCEd | Other | Desmond 375

Jackett, Robert (1857–1935)
Rector of Crunwere, Carmarthenshire, and collector of bryophytes.
Desmond 376

Jackson, Richard (1700–1782)
Vicar of Tarrington, Herefordshire, then Rector of Shelsley Beauchamp, Worcestershire. Bequeathed estate to Cambridge physic garden and to establish the Jacksonian Professor of Natural Philosophy.
CCEd | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 377

Jacob, John (1796–1849)
Desmond 378 | Kent and Allen 175

Jacob, Joseph (1858–1926)
Desmond 378 | Kent and Allen 175

Jacob, Stephen Long (c. 1764–1851)
Vicar of Woolavington, Somerset and Fellow of the Linnean Society. Father of the astronomer William Stephen Jacob (1813-1862) FLS 1795.
CCEd

Jacson, Maria Elizabetha (1755–1829)
Daughter of Simon Jacson, Rector of Bebington, Cheshire. Botanist and horticulturalist. Author of Botanical Dialogues (1797), Botanical Lectures (1804), Sketches of the Physiology of Vegetable Life (1811), and The Florist's Manual (1816).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 378

Jago, George (1676–1726)
Vicar of Harberton and Halwell, Devon; lectured in divinity at Looe, Cornwall. Corresponded with James Petiver about fish.
Herbaria@Home | Other | Desmond 378

Jameson, Hampden Gurney (1852–1939)
Desmond 379

Jeans, George (1803–1863)
Desmond 380

Jenner, Henry Lascelles (1820–1898)
Desmond 383 | Kent and Allen 176

Jenyns, Leonard (1800–1893)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 5, 14, 18, 64, 74, 76, 87-91, 98, 100, 105-106, 107-108, 145, 147, 176, 180 | Desmond 80 | Kent and Allen 96

Jermyn, George Bitton (1789–1857)
Desmond 383 | Kent and Allen 177

Johns, Charles Alexander (1811–1874)
Armstrong 61-62, 76, 141 | Desmond 384 | Kent and Allen 177

Johnson, Edmund (c. 1820–1889)
Anglican missionary to Travancore and Cochin, India, where he collected orchids; later vicar of Wapley, then Westerleigh, Gloucestershire.
Desmond 385

Johnson, Ralph (1629–1695)
Vicar of Brignall, Yorkshire; ornithologist and botanist. Contributed to Willughby and Ray's Ornithology (1676). Suggested to Ray that he should arrange plants naturally rather than alphabetically.
CCEd | ODNB | Desmond 386

Johnson, William (1844–1919)
Desmond 386

Johnson, William Frederick (1852–1934)
Desmond 386

Johnson, William James Percival (1854–1928)
Desmond 386

Jones, Hugh (1671–1702)
Rector of Christ Church, Port Republic, Maryland; herbarium became part of the Sloane Collection.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 389 | Kent and Allen 178

Jones, Hugh (1691–1760)
Vicar of St. Stephen's Church, North Sassafras Parish, Maryland. Author of The Present State of Virginia, and a short view of Maryland and North Carolina (London, 1724).
CCEd | Wikipedia

Jones, John Evans (c. 1858–1937)
Desmond 389

Jones, John Pike (1790–1857)
Desmond 389 | Kent and Allen 178

Josselin, Ralph (1617–1683)
Vicar of Earls Colne in Essex who kept a diary of rural life with agricultural and meteorological details.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia

Jourdain, Francis Charles Robert (1865–1940)
Rector of Appleton, Oxfordshire, and amateur ornithologist and oologist.
Wikipedia | Armstrong 3, 10, 77, 148

Keble Martin, William (1877–1969)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 62 | Desmond 471 | Kent and Allen 199

Keeling, William (1804–1891)
Kent and Allen 179

Keith, George Skene (1752–1823)
Minister of Keith-Hall and Kinkell, Caskieben, Aberdeenshire, and later Tulliallan, Perthshire. Agriculturalist and botanist; author of A General View of the Agriculture of Aberdeenshire (1811), which included 'Observations on British grasses'.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 395

Keith, James (1825–1905)
Desmond 395 | Kent and Allen 179

Keith, Patrick (1769–1840)
Vicar of Bethersden and Stalisfield and rector of Ruckinge, Kent. Botanist. Author of A System of Physiological Botany (1812) and Botanical Lexicon (1837). FLS 1805.
BHL | CCEd | Desmond 395

Kelsall, John Edward (1864–1924)
Desmond 395

Kemp, William (c. 1770–1802)
Nominated as Fellow of the Linnean Society in 1799, resident in Portman-square. Probably curate of Gazely, Suffolk (CCEd). FLS 1799.
CCEd

Kendall, C. E. Y. (fl. 1890s-1930s)
Curate at Preston and Liverpool, Lancashire, and later Oundle, Northamptonshire. Several publications on molluscs and ecology.
Armstrong 106-107, 180

Keogh, John (c. 1650–1725)
Prebendary of Termonbarry, Co. Roscommon. Member of the Dublin Philosophical Society. MSS letters on rare plants at Trinity College, Dublin. Father of John Keogh (c. 1681-1754).
ODNB | Other | Desmond 398

Keogh, John (c. 1681–1754)
Vicar of Mitchelstown, Co. Cork. Herbalist and zoologist. Author of Botanologia Universalis Hibernicaor, or a general Irish Herbal (1735) and Zoologia Medicinalis Hibernica or, a Treatise on Birds, Beasts, Fishes, Reptiles or Insects ... in this Kingdom.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 398

Kerr, Frederick Hugh Woodhams (1885–1958)
Desmond 398 | Kent and Allen 180

Kerr, J. (fl. 1910s)
Kent and Allen 180

Kerr, Robert (1857–1939)
Desmond 399 | Kent and Allen 180

Kilvert, Francis (1840–1879)
Armstrong 151-52

King, Samuel (1810–1888)
Desmond 401 | Kent and Allen 181

Kingsley, Charles (1819–1875)
Author of Glaucus, or the Wonders of the Shore (1855), Town Geology 1872), and The Water-Babies (1863).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 6, 121, 139, 145, 147-48, 173, 181 | Desmond 402 | Kent and Allen 181

Kingsley, William Fowler (1815–1916)
Desmond 403 | Kent and Allen 181

Kingston, D.E. (fl. 1970s)
Kent and Allen 181

Kinns, Samuel (1826–1903)
Author of Moses and Geology; or the harmony of the Bible with science 1882).
Armstrong 130-31, 172

Kirby, F.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 181

Kirby, H. (fl. 1830s-1870s)
Kent and Allen 181

Kirby, William (1759–1850)
Rector of Barham, Suffolk. Entomologist. Author of Monographia Apum Angliae (1802), Introduction to Entomology (1815-26), and the Bridgewater treatise On the Power Wisdom and Goodness of God. As Manifested in the Creation of Animals (1835). ALS 1791. FLS 1796. FRS 1818.
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 56, 99-100, 147 | Desmond 403 | Kent and Allen 182

Kirkby, R. Wallace
According to Kent and Allen, herbarium at the Hancock Museum, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. However may instead be J.W. Kirkby (fl. 1870s) whose collection is in the museum.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 182

Kitchen, Thomas Basil (1905–1987)
Anglican missionary in Rhodesia and Bengal, later chaplain of Gibraltar, collected beetles.
Armstrong 164-65

Kitson, Fanny (fl. 1909–)
Desmond 405

Knubley, Edward Ponsonby (1850–1931)
Armstrong 12, 78-79 | Kent and Allen 183

Lake, William Charles (1817–1897)
Desmond 410 | Kent and Allen 183

Lamont, James (1844–1928)
Desmond 411

Landsborough, David (1779–1854)
Church of Scotland minister at Stevenston and later Free Church of Scotland minister at Saltcoats, Ayrshire. Botanist and phycologist; author of Arran, A Poem (1828), Excursions to Arran (1851), and A Popular History of British Sea-Weeds (1859).
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 52-53 | Desmond 411 | Kent and Allen 184

Landsborough, David (1826–1912)
Minister at Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, and botanist.
Desmond 412 | Kent and Allen 184

Lascelles, Edwin (c. 1838–1923)
Desmond 414

Last, Joseph Thomas (1849–1933)
Wikipedia | Desmond 414

Lathbury, Nathaniel Peter Edward (1820–1855)
Armstrong 56

Lathbury, Peter (1760–1820)
Rector of Great Livermere, Suffolk, and, earlier, Binton, Warwickshire. Botanist who had a herbarium and contributed to Trans. Linn. Soc. ALS 1791. FLS 1792.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 414 | Kent and Allen 184

Latrobe, Peter (1795–1863)
Desmond 415

Laurence, John (1668–1732)
Prebendary of Salisbury and chaplain to the bishop, rector of Yelvertoft, Northamptonshire, and Bishopwearmouth, Co. Durham. Author of The Clergyman's Recreation (1714, on gardening), The Fruit-Garden Kalendar (1718) and A New System of Agriculture (1726)
CCEd | ODNB | Desmond 415

Lawson, A. (fl. 1860s)
Kent and Allen 185

Lawson, Thomas (1630–1691)
Quaker botanist and school teacher at at Great Strickland, Westmorland. Corresponded with John Ray and kept manuscript notes of botanising tours in the north of England.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 418 | Kent and Allen 185

Lawson, William (c. 1554–1635)
Vicar of Ormesby, Yorkshire. Horticulturalist. Author of A New Orchard and Garden, Or the best way for Planting, Grafting (1618) and The Countrie Housewifes Garden (1617), the first published gardening book for women.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 419

Lay, George Tradescant (1800–1845)
Desmond 419

Le Brocq, Philip (c. 1748–1800)
Chaplain to the Duke of Gloucester then perpetual curate of St. Mary's, Portsea, Hampshire; author of books on fruit trees and forestry, including Outlines of a plan for making the tract of land called the New Forest a real forest (1793).
CCEd | Desmond 102

Lea, Thomas Simcox (1857–1939)
Desmond 419 | Kent and Allen 185

Leathes, George Reading (1779–1836)
Desmond 420 | Kent and Allen 185

Lee, James (1715–1795)
Quaker nurseryman at Hammersmith, Middlesex. Botanist and horticulturalist who translated Linnaeus's Philosophia Botanica as An Introduction to Botany (1760).
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Desmond 421

Leedal, G. Philip (1927–1982)
Desmond 422

Leefe, John Ewbank (1813–1889)
Wikipedia | Desmond 422 | Kent and Allen 185

Lees, Thomas (fl. 1880s)
Apparently vicar of Greystoke, Cumberland, who assisted H.A. Macpherson with records about foxes (Armstrong).
Armstrong 92

Leigh, Hugh (1648–1714)
Minister of Bressay, Shetland, and contributor to Robert Sibbald's Scotia Illustrata (1684).
Other

Leighton, William Allport (1805–1889)
Curate at St. Giles' Shrewsbury, Shropshire, and author of Lichen Flora of Great Britain (1871).
Wikipedia | Armstrong 53, 54 | Desmond 424 | Kent and Allen 186

Leitch, William (1814–1864)
Wikipedia | Desmond 424

Lett, Henry William (1838–1920)
Desmond 426 | Kent and Allen 187

Lettsom, John Coakley (1744–1815)
Quaker doctor, botanist, and entomologist, born in British Virgin Islands but settled at Camberwell, Surrey; author of The naturalist's and traveller's companion, containing instructions for collecting and preserving objects of natural history (1774). FLS 1797. FRS 1773.
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 426

Lewis, George (c. 1660–1729)
Chaplain to the East India Company in Fort St George, Madras from 1692 to 1714. Collector of plants, artefacts, and manuscripts; sent plants from Cape of Good Hope to James Petiver.
Desmond 427

Lewis, Thomas Taylor (1801–1858)
Armstrong 9

Ley, Augustin (1842–1911)
Herbaria@Home | Armstrong 19, 54 | Desmond 427 | Kent and Allen 187

Lightfoot, John (1735–1788)
Parochial lecturer in Uxbridge, Middlesex, plus livings in Nottinghamshire and Hampshire; personal chaplain to Margaret Cavendish-Bentinck, duchess of Portland, whose collection he curated. Botanist and conchologist, author of Flora Scotica (1777). FRS 1781.
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 428 | Kent and Allen 188

Lillie, John (1806–1866)
Wikipedia | Desmond 429

Lindsay, John (1729–1788)
Rector of St. Thomas ye Vale and St. Catherine, Spanish Town, Jamaica. Botanical illustrator whose Elegancies of Jamaica are in the British Museum.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 429 | Kent and Allen 189

Linton, Edward Francis (1848–1928)
Desmond 430 | Kent and Allen 189

Linton, William Richardson (1850–1908)
Herbaria@Home | Wikipedia | Desmond 431 | Kent and Allen 189

Lipscombe, Christopher (1781–1843)
Desmond 431

Liston, William (1781–1864)
Desmond 432

Livens, Herbert Mann (1860–c. 1946)
Desmond 432 | Kent and Allen 190

Livingstone, David (1813–1873)
Desmond 433

Lloyd, Robert Lumley (c. 1663–1729)
Rector of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, London, and kept his own garden in West Cheam, Surrey.
CCEd | Desmond 442

Logan, James (1674–1751)
Quaker colonist in Philadelphia and founder of University of Pennsylvania. Botanist who worked on plant sexuality, published in Experimenta et meletemata de plantarum generatione (Leyden, 1739, English translation 1747).
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 436

Lombard, Peter (c. 1554–1625)
Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland; De Regno Hiberniae (1632) contains horticultural data.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 436

Low, George (1746–1795)
Minister of Birsay and Harray, Orkney. Naturalist and antiquarian whose manuscripts on the natural history of Orkney and Shetland were unpublished in lifetime despite efforts by T. Pennant and others.
BHL | ODNB | Desmond 439

Lowe, Henry Edward (1814–1895)
Desmond 439 | Kent and Allen 192

Lowe, Richard Thomas (1802–1874)
Wikipedia | Desmond 440 | Kent and Allen 192

Lucas, Samuel (1805–1870)
Desmond 441 | Kent and Allen 192

Lyon, Henry Charles. See Reader, Henry Peter (–1929)

Lyon, John (1734–1817)
Perpetual curate of Dover St Mary the Virgin. Antiquarian who collected shells, insects, and recorded meteorological phenomena. One of the original 37 fellows of the Linnean Society. Author of The history of the town and port of Dover (2 vols, 1813-14). FLS 1790.
CCEd | ODNB

Lysons, Daniel (1762–1834)
Curate at Mortlake then Putney, later rector of Rodmarton, Gloucestershire. Topographer and botanist. Author of The Environs of London (4 vols, 1792-96) and the unfinished Magna Britannia, being a concise Topographical Account of the several Counties of G FLS 1798. FRS 1797.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 445 | Kent and Allen 193

Lyttel, Edward Shefford (1868–1944)
Desmond 445

Macfarlane, George (1814–1884)
Minister at Coldingham, Berwickshire, and 'an enthusiastic botanist'.
Desmond 451 | Kent and Allen 194

MacFarlane, Samuel (1837–1911)
Desmond 451

Mack, John (1797–1845)
Scottish Baptist missionary at Serampore, India, working with William Carey.
Other | Desmond 453

Mackinnell, Alexander (fl. 1870s)
Kent and Allen 195

Macloskie, George (1834–1920)
Desmond 458

Macmillan, Hugh (1833–1903)
Desmond 458 | Kent and Allen 195

Macpherson, Hugh Alexander (1858–1901)
Armstrong 91

MacRitchie, William (1754–1837)
Minister of Clunie, Perthshire. Botanist who kept a herbarium and a weather diary (published in the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 1825) . Author of Diary of a Tour through Great Britain in 1795 (1897) and poems.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 461 | Kent and Allen 196

Macvicar, John Gibson (1801–1884)
Desmond 461

Maddock, James (1718–1786)
Quaker nurseryman at Walworth, Surrey. Author of The florist's directory: or, A treatise on the culture of flowers, published posthumously in 1792 by his son James Maddock (1764-1825).
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Desmond 461

Maddock, James (1764–1825)
Quaker nurseryman who inherited Walworth, Surrey, nursery from his father James Maddock (1718-1786) and posthumously edited his father's The florist's directory : or, A treatise on the culture of flowers (1792) before moving to Alton, Hampshire.
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Desmond 462

Malleson, Frederic Amadeus (1819–1897)
Desmond 464 | Kent and Allen 197

Maloney, Timothy David (fl. 1950s-1960s)
Kent and Allen 197

Malthus, Thomas Robert (1766–1834)
Rector of Walesby, Lincolnshire. Political economist with an interest in botany. Celebrated author of An Essay on the Principle of Population (1798). FRS 1818.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia

Manningham, Thomas (1684–1750)
Rector of Slinfold and Selsey, Sussex, and prebendary of Chichester Cathedral; botanised in Cambridgeshire and Sussex.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 465 | Kent and Allen 197

Mansel, Spencer Perceval (1797–1862)
Desmond 465

Manser, Lucy (1814–1903)
Desmond 466 | Kent and Allen 198

Mant, Richard (1776–1848)
Desmond 466

Maplet, John (1541–1592)
Rector of Great Leighs, Essex, then vicar of Northolt, Middlesex; author of A Greene Forest, or, A Naturall Historie (1567) which deals with minerals, plants, and animals.
CCEd | ODNB | Desmond 466

Marle, Robert (fl. 1900s-1910s)
The Rev. Robert Marle British Land and Freshwater Shell Collection is at Bristol Museum.
Desmond 468

Marsh, Thomas Orlebar (1749–1831)
Vicar of Stevington, Bedfordshire. Botanist and antiquarian who contributed to J. Sowerby's English Botany and C. Abbot's Flora Bedfordiensis. FLS 1793.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 469 | Kent and Allen 199

Marshall, Charles (c. 1747–1818)
Vicar of Brixworth, Northamptonshire. Botanist and horticulturalist; author of An introduction to the knowledge and practice of Gardening (1796).
BHL | CCEd | Desmond 469

Marshall, Edward Shearburn (1858–1919)
Desmond 469 | Kent and Allen 199

Marshall, Humphry (1722–1801)
Quaker botanist active in Pennsylvania, author of Arbustrum americanum: the American grove, or, An alphabetical catalogue of forest trees and shrubs, natives of the American United States (1785).
BHL | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 469

Marsham, Henry Philip (1817–1892)
Desmond 470 | Kent and Allen 199

Martin, William Keble. See Keble Martin, William

Martyn, Thomas (1735–1825)
Rector of Peretenhall, Bedfordshire, Professor of Botany at Cambridge, and Vice-president of the Linnean Society. Author of Plantae Cantabrigiensis (1763), Flora Rustica (1792-1794). Translated J.J. Rousseau's Letters on the Elements of Botany (1785). FLS 1788. FRS 1786.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 63 | Desmond 472 | Kent and Allen 200

Martyn, Thomas Waddon (–1918)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 472 | Kent and Allen 200

Mason, Francis (1799–1874)
Desmond 473

Mason, William (1724–1797)
Rector of Aston cum Aughton, Yorkshire, and canon of York Minster. Poet, and garden designer. Gardens include Nuneham Courtenay, Oxfordshire. Poems include An Heroic Epistle to Sir William Chambers (1773) and The English Garden (3 vols, 1772–82).
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 473

Mason, William Wright (1853–1932)
Desmond 474 | Kent and Allen 200

Mateer, Samuel (1835–1893)
Desmond 475

Mather, Cotton (1663–1728)
Congregationalist minister in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony. Celebrated for many medical and botanical achievements, including work on inoculation and plant hybridisation. Prolific author including scientific works The Christian Philosopher (1721) and FRS 1713.
ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 475

Mathieson, P. (–1931)
Kent and Allen 201

Maude, Mary Fowler (1819–1913)
Desmond 477

Mavor, William Fordyce (1758–1837)
Rector of Woodstock, Oxfordshire. Botanist and agriculturalist. Founder of Woodstock Floral and Horticultural Society. Author of Dictionary of Natural History (1784, as W.F. Martyn), Elements of Natural History (1799), Agriculture of Berkshire (1809).
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 477

Maxwell, Robert David (1841–1926)
Congregationalist minister in Goole, Yorkshire, and county recorder for conchology.
Armstrong 144

McCarthy, John (c.1835–)
Missionary with the China Inland Mission; crossed China to Burma and collected plants.
Other | Desmond 448

McConachie, George (1840–1901)
Desmond 449

McConachie, William (1864–1931)
Minister of Lauder church, Berwickshire, and author of Close to Nature's Heart (1908), In the Lap of the Lammermoors (1913), and The Glamour of the Glen: Nature Studies in the Lammermoors (1930).

McCosh, James (1811–1894)
Desmond 449

McMurtrie, John (1831–1912)
Kent and Allen 196

Megaw, William Rutledge (1885–1953)
Desmond 481 | Kent and Allen 202

Meyer, Horace Rollo (1868–1953)
Desmond 484

Michell, John (1724–1795)
Rector of Thornhill, Yorkshire, and earlier Compton and then Havant, Hampshire. Geologist and astronomer, author of Conjectures concerning the cause, and observations upon the phaenomena of earthquakes (1760). FRS 1760.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 3, 113-16 | Challinor 198

Miles, Henry (1698–1763)
Presbyterian and, before that, congregationalist minister at Tooting, Surrey. Essays on bryophytes and meteorology in Philosophical Transactions. FRS 1743.
ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 486

Miller, John Fletcher (1816–1856)
Quaker meteorologist who pioneered the use of mathematical modelling in meteorology.
Quakers

Miller, Joseph Kirkman (1785–1855)
Desmond 487 | Kent and Allen 204

Miller, William (c. 1655–1753)
Quaker 'Patriach' from Hamilton, Lanarkshire, who became the first of at least three William Millers working as gardeners and nurserymen at Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh.
Desmond 488

Milne, Colin (1743–1815)
Rector of North Chapel, Petworth, Sussex, resident at Deptford, Kent. Botanist. Author of A Botanical Dictionary (1770), Institutes of Botany (1771), and Indigenous Botany ... Excursions chiefly in Kent, Middlesex, and the adjacent Counties (1793).
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 490

Milner, Walter Metcalfe Holmes (1859–)
Kent and Allen 205

Mitchinson, John (1833–1918)
Desmond 492 | Kent and Allen 205

Molineux, James (1791–1873)
Armstrong 179 | Desmond 494 | Kent and Allen 205

Moore, Garret (fl. 1680s)
Clergyman in Jamaica, possibly a grandson of Sir Charles Moore, 2nd Viscount Moore of Drogheda, who accompanied Hans Sloane in Jamaica and drew figures of Sloane's collection.

Moore, Henry Kingsmill (1853–1943)
Desmond 497

Moore, Hugh (1784–c. 1856)
Desmond 497

Moore, John (1801–1888)
Vicar of Kilcoo, on retirement in 1853 began work on gardens at Rowallane, Co Down.
Desmond 497

Moran, James Joseph Conleth (1886–1959)
Desmond 498

Moreton, Charles Oscar (1888–1977)
Desmond 499

Morris, Francis Orpen (1810–1891)
Rector of Nunburnholme and, earlier, Nafferton, Yorkshire. Ornithologist, lepidopterist, and anti-Darwinian. 20 books include British Birds (6 vols, 1850-57), British Butterflies (1853), Bible Natural History (1856), and Difficulties of Darwinism (1869).
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 7, 14, 74-76, 77-78, 98, 148, 172, 180 | Desmond 501 | Kent and Allen 207

Morris, Marmaduke Charles Orpen (1844–1935)
Rector of Nunburnholme, Yorkshire, son of Francis Orpen Morris. An antiquarian who also recorded local flowers.
Armstrong 15

Morton, John (1671–1726)
Rector of Great Oxendon, Northamptonshire. Botanist and FRS. Author of The Natural History of Northamptonshire, with some account of the Antiquities (1712). FRS 1703.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 501 | Kent and Allen 208

Mossop, John (1797–1873)
Kent and Allen 208

Moule, George Evans (1828–1912)
Missionary and first Anglican bishop of mid-China; collected some plants for Henry Fletcher Hance.
Wikipedia | Desmond 503

Mount, William (1545–1602)
Rector of Leybourne, Kent, chaplain to Lord Burghley, and Master of the Savoy Hospital, London. Apparently botanised in Kent (Desmond).
CCEd | ODNB | Desmond 504

Moxon, Elizabeth Charlotte (1790–1884)
Desmond 504 | Kent and Allen 208

Moxon, George Brown (1794–1866)
Desmond 504

Munford, George (1794–1871)
Desmond 506 | Kent and Allen 209

Murley, Charles Hemsted (1822–1873)
Desmond 507 | Kent and Allen 209

Murray, Desmond Patrick (1887–1967)
Desmond 508 | Kent and Allen 209

Murray, Richard Paget (1842–1908)
Desmond 509 | Kent and Allen 209

Myles, Percy Watkins Fenton (1849–1891)
Desmond 510

Nairne, Alexander Kyd (fl. 1860s-1890s)
Bombay civil servant whose works, including The Flowering Plants of Eastern India (London, 1894) are marked as being by 'The Rev. Alexander Kyd Nairne'.
BHL | Desmond 511

Neck, Aaron (1769–1852)
Perpetual Curate of Kingskerswell, Devon. Botanist. Contirbuted to Jones and Kingston's Flora Devoniensis (1829).
CCEd | Desmond 512

Neckham, Alexander (1157–1217)
Abbot of Cirencester Abbey, Gloucestershire, theologian, poet, and pioneer of the magnetic compass; author of a natural history: De naturis rerum.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 33-35 | Desmond 512

Needham, John Turberville (1713–1781)
Roman Catholic priest - the first to be elected FRS. Microscopist. Author of New Microscopical Discoveries (1745) and Observations upon the generation, composition, and decomposition of animal and vegetable substances (1749). FRS 1747.
BHL | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 512

Nelson, John Gudgeon (1818–1882)
Desmond 513

New, Charles (1840–1875)
Desmond 514

Newbould, William Williamson (1819–1886)
Desmond 515 | Kent and Allen 210

Newdigate, Charles Alfred (1863–1942)
Desmond 515 | Kent and Allen 210

Newman, Edward (1801–1876)
Quaker entomologist, botanist, and ornithologist, author of numerous works on insects and ferns; founder member of the Entomological Society of London.
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Kent and Allen 210

Newnham, Christopher A. (fl. 1840s)
Kent and Allen 211

Newton, Thomas (c. 1542–1607)
Rector of Little Ilford, Essex; poet, theologian, physician, and botanist; author of An Herbal for the Bible (1587).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 516

Newton, Thomas (c. 1760–1843)
Rector of Tewin, Hertfordshire, and perpetual curate of Coxwold, Yorkshire. Geologist, mathematician, and unsuccessful candidate for the Woodwardian Professorship in 1788. FLS 1792.
CCEd

Nicholls, Norton (c. 1741–1809)
Rector of Lound and Bradwell, Suffolk. Travel companion of the poet Thomas Gray. Created gardens at his home of Blundeston, Suffolk, and at Costessey, Norfolk.
CCEd | ODNB | Desmond 517

Nicolay, Charles Grenfell (1815–1897)
Armstrong 162-64

Nicolson, William (1655–1727)
Bishop of Carlise, Derry, and (very briefly) archbishop of Cashel and Emly. Historian of Northumbria, linguist, antiquary, geologist, and botanist. MS Catalogus Plantarum Angliae (1690) published 1981. FRS 1705.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 518 | Kent and Allen 212

Norman, Alfred Merle (1831–1918)
Armstrong 5, 103 | Desmond 521 | Kent and Allen 212

North, Brownlow (1741–1820)
Bishop of Winchester and honorary member of the Linnean Society; elected 1800 for his keen interest in botany, which he shared with his wife.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia

North, Isaac William (1810–)
Desmond 521

Notcutt, John (1796–1827)
Desmond 522 | Kent and Allen 212

Notcutt, William (fl. 1840s)
Kent and Allen 213

Notwell, W.J.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 213

Nutt, William Harwood (1869–1943)
London Missionary Society at Fwambo and Kambole in Central Africa.
Desmond 523

O'Mahoney, Thaddeus (1821–1903)
Desmond 527

O'Meara, Eugene (c. 1815–1880)
Desmond 527

Oulton, Richard (1812–1880)
Desmond 529 | Kent and Allen 214

Owen, M.C. (1802–1854)
Desmond 530

Owston, Thomas (1809–1895)
Desmond 530 | Kent and Allen 215

Pagan, John (1830–1909)
Wikipedia | Desmond 531 | Kent and Allen 215

Page-Roberts, Frederick (1844–1927)
Vicar of Strathfieldsaye, Hampshire, and grower of roses.
Other | Desmond 531

Painter, William Hunt (1835–1910)
Desmond 532 | Kent and Allen 215

Paley, William (1743–1805)
Archdeacon of Carlise, prebendary of St. Paul's. London, subdean of Lincoln, rector of Bishopwearmouth, Co. Durham. Theologian whose Natural Theology: or, Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity (1802) famously used the watchmaker analogy.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 4, 5, 135, 171, 180

Palmer, Samuel (1768–)
Nonconformist schoolmaster at Chigwell, Essex, who according to Kent and Allen kept a herbarium and was also a minister.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 216

Parish, Charles Samuel Pollock (1822–1897)
Desmond 534 | Kent and Allen 216

Parish, William Douglas (1833–1904)
ODNB

Parker, Charles Eyre (1822–1895)
Desmond 535 | Kent and Allen 216

Parkinson, Sydney (c. 1745–1771)
Quaker botanical illustrator from Edinburgh; first European artist to visit Australia, New Zealand and Tahiti on James Cook's 1768 voyage, during which he died.
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 536

Parkinson, William (fl. 1800s-1820s)
Apparently a dissenting minister in Loughborough who sent plants to James Edward Smith in 1824 (Desmond). Possibly a relative of the Quorn baptist William Parkinson (1729-1808).
Other | Desmond 536

Pasmore, Henry (–c. 1699)
Sent plants to James Petiver and apparently died in Jamaica.
CCEd | Desmond 539

Paterson, Nathaniel (1787–1871)
Church of Scotland and later Free Church minister, St. Andrews, Glasgow; moderator in 1850. Horticulturalist, geologist, and keen angler; author of The Manse Garden (1836). Accompanied D. Landsborough in Arran.
BHL | ODNB | Wikipedia

Paterson, Thomas White (fl. 1910s)
Kent and Allen 217

Patrick, William (fl. 1830s)
Desmond 539

Paul, David (1845–1929)
Desmond 540

Paul, Thomas (1724–1798)
Dean of Cashel and rector of Aghnamullen, Co. Cavan. Designed a garden at Cootehill, Co. Cavan.
Wikipedia | Desmond 540

Peach, Charles Pierrepont (1829–1886)
Vicar of Appleton-le-Street, Yorkshire, and a keen gardener.
Desmond 541

Peck, Charles William (1867–1916)
Desmond 543 | Kent and Allen 218

Pemberton, Joseph Hardwick (1852–1926)
Desmond 544

Penneck, Henry (1801–1862)
Curate at Morvah, Cornwall, who had a herbarium.
Desmond 545 | Kent and Allen 219

Penny, Charles William (1837–1898)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 545 | Kent and Allen 219

Penny, Thomas (1532–1589)
Prebendary of Newington, St Paul's Cathedral; later a physician; botanist, herbalist, and entomologist; posthumous contributor to the Insectorum, sive, Minimorum animalium theatrum or Theatre of Insects (written 1589, pub. 1634).
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 545 | Kent and Allen 219

Peter, John (1833–1877)
Desmond 548

Phelps, William (1776–1856)
Desmond 550

Pickard-Cambridge, Frederick Octavius (1860–1905)
Briefly curate at St Cuthbert's, Carlisle, biological illustrator, arachnologist, nephew of Octavius Pickard-Cambridge.
Wikipedia

Pickard-Cambridge, Octavius (1828–1917)
Armstrong 5, 6, 11, 102-103, 173

Pinder, George (1813–1890)
Desmond 553 | Kent and Allen 221

Playfair, John (1748–1819)
Minister of Liff and Benvie, Angus, then Professor of mathematics and natural history at Edinburgh. Geologist and author of Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth (1802). FRS 1807.
BHL | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Challinor 201

Playfair, Patrick M. (1858–1924)
Desmond 555 | Kent and Allen 222

Plues, Margaret (c. 1840–1903)
Mother Superior of St Maur's convent, Weybridge, Surrey, and earlier the author of numerous popular books on ferns, mosses, and grasses.
Wikipedia | Desmond 556

Pococke, Richard (1704–1765)
Successively bishop of Ossory, Elphin, and Meath. Explorer and pioneer mountaineer, author of Description of the East (1743-45). Travels in England, Ireland, and Scotland published posthumously and contain much botanical and geological information. FRS 1742.
ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 557

Pollexfen, John Hutton (1813–1899)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 557 | Kent and Allen 222

Polwhele, Richard (1760–1838)
Vicar of Manaccan and, later, Newlyn East, Cornwall. Primarily known as a poet and historian. His History of Devonshire ( 3 vols, 1793-1806) and History of Cornwall (7 vols, 1803-1808) contain plant lists.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 557

Poole, John (1771–1857)
Desmond 558 | Kent and Allen 222

Potter, Michael Cressé (1858–1948)
Desmond 559 | Kent and Allen 223

Poulter, Edmund (c. 1756–1832)
Prebendary of Winchester, chaplain to Brownlow North, and Rector of Meonstoke, Buriton, and Alton, Hampshire. Botanist. Author of Hortus pictus, or a classical representation of the vegetable system (1795). FLS 1790.
CCEd

Powell, Thomas (1809–1887)
Desmond 561

Preston, Thomas Arthur (1838–1905)
Desmond 563 | Kent and Allen 224

Price, Rees (1807–1869)
Desmond 564

Priestley, Joseph (1733–1804)
Unitarian minister in Birmingham and previously a Rational Dissenter; chemist, theologian, and natural philosopher who worked on chlorophyll in Experiments and Observations Relating to ... Natural Philosophy (1781). FRS 1766.
BHL | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 564

Primavesi, Anthony Leo (1917–2011)
Wikipedia | Kent and Allen 224

Pulleine, John James (1842–1913)
Desmond 566 | Kent and Allen 225

Purchas, William (1823–1903)
Herbaria@Home | Armstrong 19-20, 54, 131, 174 | Desmond 567 | Kent and Allen 225

Rackett, Thomas (1755–1840)
Rector of Spetisbury, Dorset. Antiquary and conchologist, with many other interests including geology and botany. Famous for high living and for his pyramid tombstone. Author of many articles on seashells in Transactions of the Linnean Society. FLS 1796. FRS 1803.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia

Radclyffe, William Frederick (c. 1801–1880)
Desmond 570

Ragg, Lonsdale (1866–1945)
Wikipedia | Desmond 570

Randolph, Francis (1713–1797)
Rector of Shorwell, Isle of Wight, and Langridge, Somerset; perpetual curate of Warborough, Oxfordshire. Principal of Alban Hall, Oxford. Obituary in Gentleman's Magazine (1797) notes he was 'a skilful botanist'.
CCEd | Desmond 572

Randolph, John (1749–1813)
Bishop of London and, earlier, of Oxford then Bangor. FRS with interests in botany. FRS 1811.
CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 570

Rauthmell, Richard (fl. 1720s-1740s)
Apparently curate of Whitewell, perhaps later vicar of Tunstall, both Lancashire. Antiquarian who kept a herbarium; author of Antiquitates bremetonacenses: Or, The Roman antiquities of Overborough (1746) about Over Burrow Roman fort, Lancashire.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 573 | Kent and Allen 226

Raven, Charles Earle (1885–1964)
Herbaria@Home | Wikipedia | Armstrong 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 47, 49, 79-80, 97 | Desmond 573 | Kent and Allen 226

Ravenshaw, Thomas Fitzarthur Torin (1829–1882)
Desmond 573 | Kent and Allen 227

Rawnsley, Hardwicke Drummond (1851–1920)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 10, 149-50

Rawson, A. (1818–1891)
Vicar of Bromley Common, Kent. Flower breeder. Mentioned by Darwin in Origin of Species.
Desmond 574

Ray, John (1627–1705)
Preacher and lecturer at Cambridge, botanist, ornithologist, taxonomist, theologian. Works include Methodus plantarum nova (1682) Historia generalis plantarum (3 vols 1686-1704) and The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of the Creation (1691). FRS 1667.
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 2, 4, 17, 45-50, 54, 60, 67, 80, 84, 85, 96-97, 110, 126-27, 171 | Desmond 574 | Kent and Allen 227

Reade, Joseph Bancroft (1801–1870)
Desmond 575

Reader, Henry Peter (1850–1929)
Desmond 576 | Kent and Allen 227

Reed, James (fl. 1690s)
Quaker horticulturalist who went on a seed-collecting expedition to Barbados and Madeira in 1689-90. Sent plants to James Petiver.
Desmond 576

Reeves, John William (1816–1862)
Desmond 577 | Kent and Allen 228

Relhan, Richard (1754–1823)
Rector of Hemingby, Lincolnshire, and lecturer in botany at Cambridge. Author of Flora Cantabrigiensis (1785), based on notes from T. Martyn. ALS 1798. FLS 1789. FRS 1787.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 578 | Kent and Allen 228

Rennie, James (1787–1867)
Wikipedia | Desmond 578

Reynolds, Edgar Marston (1892–1977)
Desmond 579 | Kent and Allen 228

Rhodes, Philip Grafton Mole (1885–1934)
Desmond 580 | Kent and Allen 229

Richards, Thomas (1710–1790)
Curate of Coychurch, Carmarthenshire. Lexicographer who included numerous Welsh plant names in his Welsh-English dictionary, Antiquae Linguae Britannicae Thesaurus (1753).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 581

Richardson, Lewis Fry (1881–1953)
Quaker meteorologist and mathematician, born Newcastle, weather observations in Cumberland, settled Paisley, Renfrewshire. FRS 1926.
ODNB | Quakers | Royal Society | Wikipedia

Richardson, William (–1768)
Vicar of Dacre, Cumberland, and master of Blencoe School. Author of moral tracts, including on earthquakes, and contributed botany to Hutchinson's History of Cumberland (1794).
CCEd | Armstrong 93 | Desmond 582

Richardson, William (1740–1820)
Rector of Moy and Clonfeacle, Co. Armagh and Co. Tyrone. Botanist and geologist, author of An elementary treatise on the indigenous grasses of Ireland (1806), An Essay on Agriculture (1818), and several essays on volcanism.
BHL | ODNB | Desmond 582

Riddell, Thomas (c. 1805–1855)
Founder of the Masham Mechanics Institute, Yorkshire, apparently some interest in natural history.

Riddelsdell, Harry Joseph (1866–1941)
Desmond 583 | Kent and Allen 230

Ridley, Stuart Oliver (1853–1935)
Wikipedia | Desmond 583 | Kent and Allen 230

Roberts, Henry (c. 1817–c. 1880)
Rector of Ashton, Chudleigh, Devon. Botanised in Hampshire. Herbarium at University of Birmingham.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 231

Robertson, Andrew (1758–1845)
Minister of St. Peter's, Inverkeithing, Fife. Botanist who contributed parish botanical records to the 1845 New Statistical Account of Scotland.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 586

Robertson, Archibald (1853–1931)
Desmond 586 | Kent and Allen 231

Robertson, John (fl. 1880s)
Apparently collected plants in British Honduras (Desmond).
Desmond 587

Robinson, George (c. 1824–1893)
Rector of Tartaraghan, Co. Armagh; contributed plant records.
Desmond 587 | Kent and Allen 232

Robinson, Thomas (c. 1645–1719)
Rector of Ousby, Cumberland, and author of The anatomy of the earth (1694), New observations on the natural history of this world of matter (1696), and An essay towards a natural history of Westmorland and Cumberland (1709).
CCEd | ODNB | Armstrong 92 | Challinor 202 | Desmond 589

Rochford, Julian (1923–1993)
Benedictine monk at Ampleforth Abbey, Yorkshire, biology teacher, marine biologist, scuba diver.
Other | Armstrong 179

Roffey, John (1860–1927)
Desmond 591 | Kent and Allen 233

Rogers, Frederick Arundel (1876–1944)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 592 | Kent and Allen 233

Rogers, Thomas Ellis (c. 1782–1844)
Rector of Lackford, Suffolk, who kept a herbarium.
CCEd | Kent and Allen 233

Rogers, William Moyle (1835–1920)
Desmond 592 | Kent and Allen 233

Ross, John (1842–1915)
Wikipedia | Desmond 595

Rowlands, Henry (1655–1723)
Rector of Llanidan, Anglesey; author of Mona Antiqua Restaurata: An Archaeological Discourse on the Antiquities, Natural and Historical, of the Isle of Anglesey (1723) and Idea agriculturae: the principles of vegetation asserted (1704, published 1764).
BHL | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 597

Rudd, George Thomas (c. 1795–1847)
Wikipedia

Rufford, William Squire (1785–1836)
Desmond 599 | Kent and Allen 235

Rupp, Herbert Montague Rucher (1872–1956)
Armstrong 165-66

Rutherford, Andrew (1797–1854)
Desmond 600 | Kent and Allen 236

Sale, Henry Townsend (1840–1910)
Desmond 603 | Kent and Allen 236

Salesbury, William (c. 1520–c. 1584)
Welsh clergyman, apparently without parish, who translated the New Testament into Welsh and produced a manuscript Llysieulyfr (Herbal) in around 1570.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 605

Salmon, Nathanael (1675–1742)
Curate of Westmill, Hertfordshire. A 'fanatical nonjuror', he resigned in 1702. Later career as an antiquarian of Hertfordshire, Surrey, and Essex, with 'some account' of natural history.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia

Salwey, Thomas (1791–1877)
Desmond 605 | Kent and Allen 237

Sampson, George Vaughan (1763–1827)
Rector of Aghanloo and later Errigal, Co. Londonderry. Botanist and agricultural reformer. Author of Memoir explanatory of a chart and survey of the county of Londonderry (1814)
ODNB | Desmond 606

Sancroft, William (1617–1693)
Archbishop of Canterbury and previously Dean of York, then St Paul's. Apparently collected plants while in exile in Padua, Italy, in the 1650s.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 606

Sandys, George William (c. 1812–1848)
Stipendary Curate at Coleford, Gloucestershire, botanised near Stroud.
Desmond 608 | Kent and Allen 238

Savile, Bourchier Wray (1817–1888)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 136

Saville, John (1736–1803)
Vicar-choral of Lichfield Cathedral, mainly remembered today for his affair with the poet Anna Seward, but also a botanist.
Desmond 611

Sawyer, William Collinson (1831–1868)
Wikipedia | Desmond 611 | Kent and Allen 239

Scortechini, Benedeno (1845–1886)
Desmond 613

Scott, William Langston (1817–1888)
Desmond 615 | Kent and Allen 239

Sedgwick, Adam (1785–1873)
Prebendary of Norwich Cathedral, vicar of Shudy Camps, Cambridgeshire, and royal chaplain. Woodwardian Professor of Geology at Cambridge University. FRS 1821.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 2, 19, 63, 111, 118, 120-23, 133, 146, 180 | Challinor 203

Sedgwick, John (c. 1660–1717)
Rector of Potterhanworth, Lincolnshire, and Prebendary of South Scarle, Lincoln Cathedral. Contributed plants to Sloane's herbarium.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 617 | Kent and Allen 240

Sellwood, John Binford (c. 1830–1871)
Vicar of Shute, Devon. Entomologist specialising in Lepidoptera who also apparently kept a herbarium. Member of the Devonshire Association.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 240

Serle, William (1912–1992)
Wikipedia

Serra, José Correia de (1750–1823)
Portuguese Abbot and diplomat. Botanist, geologist, and paleontologist. Spent 10 years in London and elected FLS and FRS with support of J. Banks. After 1797, in Paris then Philadelphia. Author of numerous articles in Phil Trans and Trans of Linn Soc. FLS 1796. FRS 1796.
BHL | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 170

Sharpe, Thomas (1798–1877)
Desmond 619

Sharrock, Robert (1630–1684)
Archdeacon of Winchester and rector of Bishop's Waltham and East Woodhay, Hampshire. Author of books on theology, natural law, and botany, including The History of the Propagation and Improvement of Vegetables (1660).
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 619

Shaw, Charles Edward (fl. 1950s-1960s)
Kent and Allen 241

Shaw, Thomas (1694–1751)
Chaplain to the English factory at Algiers, later principal of St Edmund Hall, Oxford, and Vicar of Bramley, Hampshire. Author of Travels, or, Observations Relating to Several Parts of Barbary and the Levant (1738) which describes more than 600 species. FRS 1734.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 620

Shawe, Joseph Jackson (1827–1882)
Moravian minister in Lower Ballinderry, County Antrim, and in Fulneck, Pudsey, Yorkshire; teacher at Fulneck School. Botanised locally.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 620 | Kent and Allen 241

Sheffield, William (c. 1732–1795)
Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum and provost of Worcester College, Oxford, and apparently rector of Whitfield, Northamptonshire. Friends with Joseph Banks and Gilbert White.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 621 | Kent and Allen 241

Sheppard, Revett (1778–1830)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 87

Shore, Thomas William (1756–1822)
Curate at Otterton, Devon, and other Devonshire locations. Botanist who assisted with Jones and Kingston's Flora Devoniensis (1829).
CCEd | ODNB | Desmond 625

Shuffrey, William Arthur (c. 1851–1912)
Kent and Allen 241

Sibree, James (1836–1929)
Desmond 626

Sibson, Edmund (1796–1847)
Desmond 626

Sidney, Edwin (1797–1872)
Desmond 627

Simpson, Samuel (c. 1802–1881)
Desmond 629 | Kent and Allen 243

Skelton, Philip (1707–1787)
Rector of Templecarn, Co. Donegal, then Fintona, Co. Tyrone. Satirist and religious controversialist who provided botanical and zoological observations to the Royal Society.
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 630

Skinner, Richard (c. 1729–1795)
Rector of Bassingham, Lincolnshire, and 'an excellent botanist' according to his friend and correspondent Gilbert White. Skinner also friends withJohn Lightfoot, Thomas Pennant, and Joseph Banks.
CCEd | Desmond 631

Slater, Henry Horrocks (1851–1934)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 165, 168 | Desmond 632 | Kent and Allen 244

Smart, Christopher (1722–1771)
Poet and botanist. His preaching activities in Cambridge imply that he was ordained, although solid evidence is missing. Author of The Hop Garden. A Georgic (1752) and many other less botanical poems.
ODNB | Wikipedia

Smith, Alfred Cecil (c. 1854–)
Kent and Allen 245

Smith, Anne. See Borlase, Anne.

Smith, Caius (fl. 1830s)
Kent and Allen 245

Smith, Charles (1795–1862)
Armstrong 99

Smith, Colin (1802–1867)
Wikipedia | Desmond 635

Smith, David (c. 1830–1902)
Kent and Allen 245

Smith, Gerard Edwards (1804–1881)
Author of A Catalogue of rare or remarkable Phanogamous Plants collected in South Kent (1829), Stonehenge, a poem (1823), Are the Teachings of Modern Science antagonistic to the Doctrine of an Infallible Bible? (1863), The Holy Scriptures the original Gre
Wikipedia | Armstrong 15-17 | Desmond 636 | Kent and Allen 245

Smith, Thomas Tunstall (1810–1893)
Vicar of Wirksworth, Lancashire. Lectured on fruit.
Other | Armstrong 143

Smith, William (c.1700–1750)
Rector of St John's Parish, Nevis, and later rector of St Mary's Bedford. Possibly born Probus, Cornwall; to Queens College, Oxford, 1713. Author of The Natural History of Nevis (1745).
BHL | CCEd

Smith, William (1808–1857)
Desmond 639 | Kent and Allen 246

Smith, William Somerville (–1912)
Unitarian minister in Antrim, contributed weekly nature notes to 'The Northern Whig'.
Desmond 640

Smith-Pearse, Thomas Northmore Hart (1854–1943)
Desmond 640 | Kent and Allen 161

Smyth, John (fl. 1690s)
Minster to the Royal African Company in Cape Coast, Guinea (Petiver). Sent James Petiver West African plants.
Desmond 641

Sowerby, John (1824–1902)
Assistant Master, Marlborough College (1849-72), ordained in 1850. Organised the school's natural history society. Botanised in Somerset.
Other | Kent and Allen 248

Spicer, William Webb (1820–1879)
Rector of Itchen Abbas, Hampshire, before travelling to Tasmania, 1874-78 where he collected plants.
Wikipedia | Desmond 646 | Kent and Allen 248

Spragg, Harvey (c. 1723–1796)
Rector of Pulborough and Stopham, Sussex. Correspondence with J.E. Smith at Linnean Society. FLS 1790.
CCEd

Sprat, Thomas (1635–1713)
Bishop of Rochester and Dean of Westminster; Founder member and fellow of the Royal Society. Author of a History of the Royal Society of London (London, 1667). Not primarily a naturalist but facilitated and recorded the work of others. FRS 1663.
ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia

Stacy, Henry Peter (fl. 1780s-1800s)
Curate at Whitsbury, Wiltshire, and later chaplain at Fort William, Bengal. FLS 1797.
CCEd

Stainforth, Francis John (1797–1866)
Desmond 649

Stanley, Arthur Penryn (1815–1881)
Armstrong 7

Stanley, Edward (1779–1849)
Bishop of Norwich and President of the Linnean Society in 1837-1849.
Wikipedia

Staunton, William (1806–1860)
CCEd | Kent and Allen 249

Stearn, William Thomas (1911–2001)
Quaker botanist, linguist, and historian. President of the Linnean Society and the Ray Society. Author of Botanical Latin (1966) and A Dictionary of Plant Names for Gardeners (1992).
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Kent and Allen 249

Stebbing, Thomas Roscoe Rede (1835–1926)
Kent and Allen 249

Steggall, William (1804–1885)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 652 | Kent and Allen 249

Stephens, Lewis (1654–1725)
Vicar of Treneglos and Warbstow, and later of Menheniot, Cornwall. Botanist and marine algologist.
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 653 | Kent and Allen 250

Stephenson, Thomas (1855–1948)
Desmond 653 | Kent and Allen 250

Stevens, Charles Abbot (1817–1908)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 654 | Kent and Allen 250

Stevens, Lewis. See Stephens, Lewis.

Stevens, William Bagshaw (1756–1800)
Domestic chaplain to Sir Robert Burdett, rector of Seckington and vicar of Kingsbury, Warwickshire. Poet and headmaster of Repton School who kept a rural journal and wrote nature poems including a prefatory poem to Erasmus Darwin's Botanical Garden.
CCEd | ODNB

Stevenson, Henry (c. 1690–1748)
Vicar of Elkesley, Nottinghamshire; author of gardening manuals including The young gard'ner's director (1716) and The gentleman gard'ner's director (1744).
CCEd | Desmond 654

Stevenson, John (1836–1903)
Desmond 654

Stewart, James (1831–1905)
Desmond 655

Stewart, John (fl. 1760s)
Not yet identified. Herbarium apparently included in the collection of John Hope (1725-86) at Edinburgh University, but now lost.
Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 251

Stobbs, William (1799–1863)
Desmond 657 | Kent and Allen 251

Stockdale, William (1767–1857)
Vicar of Hundon, Sussex, then Mears Ashby, Northamptonshire. According to Kent and Allen, a botanist who kept a herbarium. FLS 1796.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Kent and Allen 251

Stonehouse, Walter (1597–1655)
Rector of Darfield, Yorkshire; gardener and botanist; discovered Viola pahistris and kept a crocus garden.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 658 | Kent and Allen 252

Stonestreet, William (1659–1716)
Rector of St Stephen Walbrook, London and prebendary of Chichester; botanist and fossil collector. Corresponded widely with other naturalists including John Ray and James Petiver.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Desmond 659 | Kent and Allen 252

Storie, George Henry (1766–1833)
Rector of Stow Maries, Essex, and Fellow of the Linnean Society. Inherited the Lure Estate, Tobago, 1795, which he sold in 1807. FLS 1797.
CCEd | Other

Story, Thomas (c. 1670–1742)
Quaker landowner and arboriculturalist from Carlisle, Cumberland, who travelled widely in North America and the Caribbean.
ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 659

Stowell, Hugh Ashworth (1830–1886)
Armstrong 101 | Desmond 660

Streatfield, George Sidney (1844–1922)
Kent and Allen 252

Stuart, John (1743–1821)
Minister of Luss, Dunbartonshire, and previously Arrochar, Dunbartonshire and Weem, Perthshire. Botanist and Gaelic scholar. Assisted J. Lightfoot with preparation of Flora Scotica. ALS 1793.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 662 | Kent and Allen 253

Stukeley, William (1687–1765)
Rector of All Saints, Stamford, Lincolnshire and later St George the Martyr, Bloomsbury. FRS. Antiquary, archaeologist, and geologist, considered 'the father of English archaeology'. FRS 1718.
CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 93 | Challinor 205

Summers, William Henry (1850–1906)
Desmond 664

Sumner, John Henry Robertson (c. 1821–c. 1910)
Kent and Allen 253

Sutton, Charles (1756–1846)
Vicar of Thornham with Holme by the Sea, Norfolk. Botanist. Contributed to J. Sowerby's English Botany and an essay on British Orobanche in Trans. Linn Soc (1798). ALS 1791.
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 665 | Kent and Allen 253

Swayne, George (c. 1746–1827)
Vicar of Pucklechurch and rector of Dyrham, Gloucestershire and vicar ot East Harptry, Somerset. Botanist and agriculturalist. Author of Gramina pascua: or, A collection of specimens of the common pasture grasses (1790) Copy in the Bristol museum has spec
BHL | CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 667 | Kent and Allen 254

Swift, Jonathan (1667–1745)
Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin; improved the deanery garden in the style of Alexander Pope's garden at Twickenham and also landscaped the vicarage gardens at Laracor, Co. Meath. Satirised the Royal Society in Gulliver's Travels (1725).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 66 | Desmond 668

Symonds, William Samuel (1818–1887)
Author of Old Stones: Notes Of Lectures On The Plutonic, Silurian, And Devonian Rocks In The Neighborhood Of Malvern (1855).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 19-20, 54, 131, 145, 174 | Desmond 669

Symons, Jelinger (1776–1851)
FLS 1800.
Desmond 669 | Kent and Allen 254

Talbot, Theophilus (1824–1908)
Originally a Wesleyan Methodist, converted to Church of England in Isle of Man. Antiquarian and plant collector.
Desmond 670 | Kent and Allen 254

Taylor, Richard (1805–1873)
Armstrong 166 | Desmond 674

Taylor, William Ernest (1856–1927)
Desmond 674

Tenison-Woods, Julian Edmund (1832–1889)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 160-62 | Desmond 676

Tennant, Frederick Robert (1866–c. 1955)
Desmond 676 | Kent and Allen 256

Thickens, William (–1873)
Vicar of St. Thomas', Keresley, Warwickshire; communicated with John Ray.
Desmond 677

Thiselton-Dyer, Thomas Firminger (1848–)
Vicar of St Paul's Church, Penzance, then rector of Bayfield, Holt, Norfolk. Author of popular non-fiction including British Customs: Past and Present (1900) and English Folk-lore (1878) which contained folklore of plants and birds.
Wikipedia | Desmond 677

Thompson, Joseph Hesselgrave (1811–1889)
Desmond 680 | Kent and Allen 257

Thomson, George (1819–1878)
Missionary to Victoria (Limbé) in Cameroon where he collected plants to send to Edinburgh and Kew.
Wikipedia | Desmond 681

Thomson, John Thomas (1752–1811)
Curate at Ladock, then Zennor, and resident at Penzance, Cornwall. Botanist. Contributed to William Withering's Arrangment of British Plants (1776) and J.P. Jones's Botanical Tour through Devon and Cornwall (1820). ALS 1800.
CCEd | Desmond 680

Thomson, Mary Marshall (Stewart) (1837–1858)
Desmond 683

Thomson, William (1819–1890)
Archbishop of York, geologist, and co-founder, with H.F. Barnes-Lawrence, of the Association for the Protection of Sea-Birds which led the campaign that resulted in the 1869 Sea Birds Preservation Act. FRS 1863.
ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia

Thomson, William Cooper (1829–1878)
Missionary at Old Calabar, modern day Akwa Akpa, Nigeria, collected plants.
Armstrong 155 | Desmond 683 | Kent and Allen 258

Thornhill, John (1815–1875)
Kent and Allen 258

Thornton, Charles Greenwood (1844–1904)
Desmond 684 | Kent and Allen 258

Threlkeld, Caleb (1676–1728)
Congregationalist minister at Huddlesceugh, Cumberland, dismissed in 1712. Botanist. Relocated to Dublin where he produced Synopsis stirpium Hibernicarum (1726), the 'first essay' on the native flora of Ireland.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 684 | Kent and Allen 258

Todd, Hugh (c. 1657–1728)
Prebendary of Carlisle, rector of Arthuret, and vicar of Penrith, Cumberland; antiquarian who also published geographical research, including on the salt springs at Durham.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia

Tomkins, Henry George (1826–1907)
Other | Kent and Allen 259

Tonge, Israel (1621–1680)
Rector of St Mary Stayning, London, St Michael's, Wood Street, London, and Aston, Herefordshire. Creator, with Titus Oates, of the fabricated Popish Plot (1678-81). Contributed articles on tree sap to the Philosophical Transactions (1671).
ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 688

Toohey, Matthew (1854–1926)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 688 | Kent and Allen 259

Toplady, Augustus Montague (1740–1778)
Vicar of Broadhembury and, previously, Harpford and Venn Ottery, Devon. Hymn-writer, naturalist, and animal rights pioneer. Author of Sketch of Natural History and Whether unnecessary cruelty to the brute creation is not criminal? (Collected Works, 1794).
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia

Topsell, Edward (c. 1572–1625)
Perpetual curate of St Botolph's, Aldersgate, London, and author of the bestiaries The History of Four-footed Beasts (1607) and The History of Serpents (1608).
BHL | ODNB | Wikipedia

Townsend, Joseph (1739–1816)
Rector of Pewsey, Wiltshire, and personal chaplain to the Duke of Atholl. Geologist, doctor, and demographer, author of Journey through Spain (1791) and The character of Moses ... recording events from the creation to the deluge (2 vols, 1812-15).
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 112 | Challinor 206 | Desmond 688

Tozer, Henry Fanshawe (1829–1916)
Desmond 689 | Kent and Allen 260

Tozer, John Savery (c. 1790–1836)
Desmond 689 | Kent and Allen 260

Traherne, John Montgomery (1788–1860)
Desmond 689 | Kent and Allen 260

Trimmer, Kirby (1804–1887)
Desmond 692 | Kent and Allen 260

Tristram, Henry Baker (1822–1906)
Canon of Durham Cathedral. Ornithologist who read out the Darwin and Wallace papers on natural selection at the Linnean Society in 1858. Author of The Natural History of the Bible (1867), The Fauna and Flora of Palestine (1884), and Rambles in Japan (1895 FLS 1857.
ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Armstrong 6, 7-8, 72-73, 78, 148, 173 | Desmond 692

Trott, Henry William (1857–)
Desmond 692 | Kent and Allen 261

Trusler, John (1735–1820)
Curate of Hythe Church Colchester, Essex, Ockley, Surrey, and chaplain to the Poultry-Compter, London. Voluminous author of self-help manuals including at least 4 on gardening and farming.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 693

Tuck, Julian George (1851–1933)
Armstrong 76

Tuckwell, William (1829–1919)
Desmond 694

Turner, George Edward Weaver (1810–1869)
Desmond 696

Turner, William (c. 1509–1568)
Dean of Bath and Wells, Somerset, born Morpeth, Northumberland. Author of the first printed work on ornithology and one of the earliest English-language herbals. Described by Charles Raven as 'The first English scientist'.
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 2, 43-45, 67, 81 | Desmond 697

Turner, William Y. (fl. 1870s-1880s)
Missionary in Papua New Guinea in the late 1770s and Falmouth, Jamaica, from 1884. Appears to have collected plants.
Desmond 697

Tyas, Robert (1811–1879)
Desmond 699

Tyso, Joseph (1774–1852)
Pastor of St Peter's Baptist Church, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, and nurseryman; author of The Ranunculus, how to Grow it (1847) .
Desmond 699

Tyson, Michael (1740–1780)
Rector of Lambourne, Essex, and earlier Sawston, Cambridgeshire, and St Benet's, Cambridge. Antiquarian, botanist, and botanical artist. FRS 1779.
CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 699

Usher, Robert (c. 1865–1943)
Desmond 700

Uvedale, Robert (1642–1722)
Rector of Orpington, Kent, and Barking, Suffolk; master of Enfield Grammar School, Middlesex; cultivated exotic plants and had one of the earliest English hothouses.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 701 | Kent and Allen 262

Vachell, George Harvey (1799–)
Desmond 702

Vaughan, Eliza (1863–1949)
Desmond 703 | Kent and Allen 263

Vaughan, John (1855–1922)
Desmond 703 | Kent and Allen 263

Vize, John Edward (1831–1916)
Desmond 706

Vossius, Isaac (1618–1689)
Dutch scholar from Leiden who became a Canon of Windsor. Edited Pliny's Natural History (1669). FRS 1664.
ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 707

Waddell, Coslett Herbert (1858–1919)
Desmond 708 | Kent and Allen 264

Waghorne, Arthur Charles (1851–1900)
Desmond 709

Wait, Walter Oswald (1852–1936)
Desmond 709

Wakefield, Priscilla (1750–1832)
Quaker botanist, author, and philanthropist, author of An Introduction to Botany (1796), An Introduction to the Natural History and Classification of Insects (1816), and The Juvenile Travellers (1801) .
BHL | ODNB | Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 709

Wakefield, Thomas (1836–1901)
Desmond 709

Walker, Francis Augustus (1841–1905)
Desmond 710 | Kent and Allen 265

Walker, James (1794–1854)
Desmond 711

Walker, John (1731–1803)
Minister of Colinton, Edinburgh; Church of Scotland Moderator in 1790; Professor of Natural History at Edinburgh University. Author of many articles and MS Natural History of the Inhabitants of the Highlands in university library.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 177 | Desmond 711 | Kent and Allen 265

Walker, Richard (1679–1764)
Rector of Thorpland then Upwell, Norfolk, and professor of moral philosophy at Cambridge. Botanist and horticulturalist. Founded Cambridge Botanic Garden, described in A Short Account of the late Donation of a Botanic Garden to the University of Cambridge
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 711

Walker, Richard (1791–1870)
BHL | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 711 | Kent and Allen 265

Waller, Horace (1833–1896)
Desmond 713

Wallis, John (1714–1793)
Curate of Billingham, Co. Durham, and before that several curacies in Northumberland; antiquary and botanist, author of The Natural History and Antiquities of Northumberland (1769).
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Other | Desmond 714

Walsh, Robert (1772–1852)
Desmond 715

Walshe, Thomas J. (1861–1938)
Desmond 715

Ward, James Clifton (1843–1880)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 123 | Challinor 207

Waring, Holt (1766–1830)
Dean of Dromore and rector of Shankill, Lurgan, Co. Down. Had a large collection of ferns at his family home of Waringstown House, Co. Down.
Other | Desmond 718

Waters, James (1780–1867)
Stipendiary minister in St. Elizabeth Parish, Jamaica (probably at Heathfield); later Rector of Penshaw, Co. Durham. Collected plants, apparently now at Kew.
CCEd | Desmond 721

Watkins, William (fl. 1750s-1780s)
Rector of Llanelieu, Brecknockshire, and earlier curate of Hay on Wye, Breconshire; author of A treatise on forest-trees (1753).
CCEd | Wikipedia | Desmond 721

Watson, Norton Beresford (1865–1937)
Rector of St. Lucy's, Barbados. Naturalist whose natural history collection formed the nucleus of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society.

Watts, John Stanhawe (1748–1813)
Rector of Ashill and Twyford, Norfolk. Contributed to J. Sowerby's English Botany. FLS 1799.
CCEd | Desmond 724

Watts, William Walter (1856–1920)
Desmond 724

Webb, Damien (1918–1990)
Armstrong 179 | Kent and Allen 269

Webb, Robert Holden (1806–1880)
Desmond 726 | Kent and Allen 269

Webster, George Russell Bullock. See Bullock-Webster, George Russell

Webster, James (1854–1923)
Desmond 727

Welch, Adam Cleghorn (1864–1943)
Wikipedia | Kent and Allen 270

Wenyon, Charles (1848–1924)
Desmond 730

Westcott, Brooke Foss (1825–1901)
Armstrong 61

Weston, S. (fl. 1820s)
Kent and Allen 271

Whan, William Taylor (1829–1901)
Desmond 731 | Kent and Allen 271

Wheler, George (1651–1724)
Rector of Houghton-le-Spring, County Durham, and prebendary of Durham Cathedral; travel writer, antiquary, and botanist. Sent plants to John Ray and others. Introduced Hypericum calycinum (rose of Sharon) to British Isles. Herbarium at Oxford University.
Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia | Desmond 733 | Kent and Allen 271

Whewell, William (1794–1866)
Author of Astronomy and general physics considered with reference to natural theology (1833).
Wikipedia | Armstrong 111

White, Andrew (1579–1656)
Jesuit priest and missionary in Maryland who described the colony's flora and fauna. Author of Relatio itineris in Marylandiam (1634) and 'A briefe relation of the voyage unto Maryland' and 'Declaratio coloniae' (pub. 1874).
ODNB | Wikipedia

White, Edward (c. 1793–1845)
Chaplain of St. Andrew's Cathedral, Singapore. Collected plants.
Desmond 733

White, Gilbert (1720–1793)
Perpetual Curate of Moreton Pinkney, Northamptonshire, and curate of Selborne and Farringdon, Hampshire; celebrated author of The Natural History of Selborne (1789).
BHL | CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia | Armstrong 1-2, 3, 10, 11, 17, 65-67, 80, 83-87, 96, 166, 175 | Desmond 734

White, Henry (1733–1788)
Vicar of Upavon and rector of Fyfield, Hampshire. Brother of Gilbert White. Nature and weather diaries at British Library, London, and Bodleian Library, Oxford.
CCEd | Armstrong 18 | Desmond 734

White, John (1727–1780)
Chaplain of Gibraltar garrison and, later, vicar of Blackburn, Lancashire. Began work on a Fauna Calpensis (Animals of Gibraltar) of which only the introduction and some sketches survive. Brother of Gilbert White.
CCEd | Armstrong 18, 154-55

White, Sampson (1765–1825)
Rector of Maidford, Northamptonshire, Vicar of Upavon, Wiltshire; nephew of Gilbert White. Kept a nature diary, now at Gilbert White House, Selborne. (Separate records on CCEd as 111461 and 89921).
CCEd

Whitear, William (1778–1826)
Desmond 735 | Kent and Allen 272

Whitehead, Edward (1789–1827)
Desmond 735

Whitehead, Henry (1817–1884)
Desmond 735

Whitfield, Henry (c. 1741–1813)
Prebendary of Chichester, Record of St. Margaret Lothbury, London, and Wexham, Buckinghamshire. FRS and FLS, but scientific interests unclear. FLS 1794. FRS 1786.
CCEd | Royal Society

Whitmee, Samuel James (1838–1925)
Desmond 737

Whytehead, William (1729–1817)
Vicar of Atwick, Yorkshire, who botanised in the East Riding; herbarium now at University of Hull.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 738 | Kent and Allen 273

Wickham, Archdale Palmer (1855–1935)
Wikipedia | Armstrong 99

Wilkins, John (1614–1672)
Bishop of Chester, theologian, and natural philosopher. Founder member of The Royal Society, author of Of the Principles and Duties of Natural Religion (1675), and numerous scientific works. FRS 1660.
CCEd | ODNB | Royal Society | Wikipedia

Wilkinson, Henry Marlow (1828–)
Kent and Allen 274

Wilkinson, John Frome (1850–)
Herbaria@Home | Wikipedia | Kent and Allen 274

Wilks, William (1843–1923)
Desmond 741

Williams, Charles (1796–1866)
Desmond 741

Williams, Edward (1762–1833)
Rector of Chelsfield, Kent, and perpetual curate of Battlefield and Uffington, Shropshire. Antiquary and botanist. MS Flora of Shropshire at Shropshire Records. Herbarium at Merseyside Museum. Contributed to J. Sowerby's English Botany.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 741 | Kent and Allen 274

Williams, H. (fl. 1870s)
Kent and Allen 274

Williams, J. (fl. 1870s-1890s)
Missionary, apparently an 'Indian doctor', at Tank and Dera Ismail Khan.
Desmond 742

Williams, Theodore (1785–1875)
Desmond 743

Williams, Thomas (c. 1545–c. 1623)
Curate at Trefriw, Caernarvonshire, later a recusant, physician, and lexicographer; his MS Llyfr Llysiau (Welsh dictionary) contained a list of Welsh plant names.
ODNB | Desmond 743

Williams, William Leonard (1829–1916)
Desmond 743

Williamson, Alexander (1829–1890)
Desmond 743 | Kent and Allen 275

Wilson, Alexander Stoddart (1854–1909)
Desmond 746 | Kent and Allen 276

Wilson, Charles Thomas (1852–1917)
Desmond 746

Wilson, Francis Robert Muter (1832–1903)
Desmond 746

Wilson, George (fl. 1830s-1870s)
Kent and Allen 276

Wilson, James (1855–1905)
Desmond 747

Wiltshire, Thomas (1826–1902)
Armstrong 111

Wingate, William John (1846–1912)
Vicar of Marley Hill, Co. Durham; author of A Preliminary list of Durham Diptera. with Analytical Tables (1906).
Kent and Allen 277

Witham, Gilbert (–1684)
Rector of Garforth, Yorkshire; collected plants and corresponded with John Ray and others.
CCEd | Other | Desmond 751

Witts, Edward Francis (1813–1886)
Desmond 752 | Kent and Allen 277

Wollaston, Henry John (1770–1833)
Rector of Scotter, Lincolnshire, and Paston, Northamptonshire. Corresponded with T.G. Cullum about Senecio paludosus (fen ragwort). FLS 1800.
CCEd | Other

Wolley-Dod, Charles (1826–1904)
Desmond 752

Wolseley, R. (1772–1815)
Desmond 752

Wood, Henry Hayton (1825–1882)
Herbaria@Home | Desmond 753 | Kent and Allen 278

Wood, Henry William (c. 1828–c. 1895)
Kent and Allen 278

Wood, John George (1827–1889)
Briefly curate of St Thomas the Martyr, Oxford, before dedicating time to natural history writing. Author of dozens of works of popular natural history with a theological angle.
Wikipedia | Armstrong 76

Wood, Robert (1796–1883)
Desmond 753 | Kent and Allen 278

Wood, William (1745–1808)
Unitarian minister at Leeds, Yorkshire, and earlier in Stamford, Lincolnshire and Ipswich, Suffolk. Botanist who contributed articles to numerous publications. FLS 1791.
BHL | Herbaria@Home | ODNB | Wikipedia | Desmond 754 | Kent and Allen 278

Wood, William (c. 1769–1841)
Prebendary of Canterbury and St. Paul's, vicar of Cropredy, Oxfordshire, rector of Fulham, Middlesex, and Coulsdon, Surrey. Conchologist. Published on British bivalves in Trans. Lin. Soc (1802). FLS 1796.
BHL | CCEd | Other

Woodall, Edward H. (1843–1937)
Desmond 754

Woodhouse, Thomas (1830–1891)
Desmond 755

Woodruffe-Peacock, Edward Adrian (1858–1922)
Vicar of All Saints, Cadney, Lincolnshire, and pioneer of ecology; author of the Natural History of Lincolnshire (1898) and A Check-List of Lincolnshire Plants (1909).
BHL | Wikipedia | Armstrong 57-59, 62-63, 180 | Desmond 755 | Kent and Allen 278

Woods, Francis Henry (1850–1915)
Desmond 755 | Kent and Allen 278

Woolls, William (1814–1893)
Author of Det første Forsøg paa Norges naturlige Historie (1752-3), trans as The Natural History of Norway (1755).
Wikipedia | Armstrong 165 | Desmond 757

Wray, John Francis (1801–1859)
Desmond 758 | Kent and Allen 279

Wright, Lawson Sant (1868–1918)
Kent and Allen 280

Yates, James (1789–1871)
Armstrong 179-80 | Desmond 762

Yonge, James (1748–1797)
Rector of Newton Ferrers, Devon. Botanist who contributed to Richard Polwhele's History of Devonshire.
CCEd | Herbaria@Home | Desmond 762 | Kent and Allen 280

Young, Andrew John (1885–1971)
Armstrong 71 | Desmond 763

Young, George (1777–1848)
Challinor 210

Young, James Foster (fl. 1850s-1880s)
Kent and Allen 280

Young, James Reynolds (1807–1884)
Desmond 763 | Kent and Allen 280

Young, William Weston (1776–1847)
Quaker botanist, geologist, and botanical illustrator from Bristol; inventor of the firebrick.
Quakers | Wikipedia | Desmond 764

Zouch, Thomas (1737–1815)
Rector of Wycliffe, Yorkshire, and canon of Durham cathedral. Antiquarian, biographer, and botanist, best known for his life of Izaac Walton. FLS 1792.
CCEd | ODNB | Wikipedia

Zula, Basil Patras (1796–1844)
Moravian minister at Kilwarlin, Co. Down. Greek cheiftain, birth name Vasili Zoulas, converted to Moravian church in Ireland; laid out Kilwarlin church garden to comemorate the Battle of Thermopylae.
Wikipedia | Desmond 765

 


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