William Derham (1657-1735)
Rector of Upminster, Essex, meteorologist who first calculated the speed of sound, and author of works of natural theology, especially Physico-theology: or, a demonstration of the being and attributes of God, from His works of creation (1713).
Name: William Derham
Date and Place of Birth: 26 November 1657, Stoulton, Worcestershire, England
Date and Place of Death: 5 April 1735, Upminster, Essex, England
Spouse: Anna Scott (b. c. 1675)
Church: Church of England
Highest Rank in Church: Canon
University: Oxford, Trinity
Location InformationMain Active Place: Upminster, Essex, England
Other Significant Locations: Wargrave, Berkshire; Windsor, Berkshire;
Interests and Disciplines
Major Field: Natural Theology
Subfields: Meteorology, Entomology, Astronomy
The artificial clock-maker. A treatise of watch, and clock-work: wherein the art of calculating numbers for most sorts of movements is explained to the capacity of the unlearned (London: James Knapton, 1696).
Physico-theology: or, a demonstration of the being and attributes of God, from His works of creation. Being the substance of XVI sermons (London: W. Innys, 1713).
Astro-Theology: or a demonstration of the being and attributes of God, from a survey of the heavens. Illustrated with copper-plates (London: W. Innys, 1715).
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
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Search for William Derham in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Standard Online Sources
Clicking on the name or ID number below will take you to the relevant page on the website mentioned. If there is a dash, then Derham is not mentioned in that resource. Some resources may require a log in. Access to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: can generally be obtained for UK users by using your public library membership number.
Biodiversity Heritage Library Creator Number: 5984
Clergy of the Church of England Database (1540-1835) Person ID: 162648
Herbaria@Home Collector Number: -
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: William Derham
Wikipedia: William Derham
Standard Printed Sources
These are the standard sources consulted when preparing this dataset. If Derham is mentioned, there will be a page number, or, if not mentioned, a dash.
Armstrong, English Parson Naturalist: -
Bridson, History of Natural History, a Bibliography, 2nd edn: -
Desmond, Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturists, 2nd edn: -
Henrey, British Botanical and Horticultural Literature Before 1800: -
Other Printed Sources:
Archives and Holdings
Major Holdings of Manuscripts and/or Printed Texts: British Library; Essex Record Office; University of Oxford, Taylor Institution
Major Holdings of Biological Collections: -
Record Created: 1/1/2023