This collection examines the complexity and diversity of Quaker antislavery attitudes from 1658 to 1890. Contributors from a range of disciplines, nations, and faith backgrounds show Quakers' beliefs to be far from monolithic. They often disagreed with one another and the larger antislavery movement about the morality of slaveholding and the best approach to abolition. Not surprisingly, this complicated and evolving antislavery sensibility left behind an equally complicated legacy. While Quaker antislavery was a powerful contemporary influence in both the United States and Europe, present-day scholars pay little substantive attention to the subject. This volume seeks to correct that oversight, offering accessible yet provocative new insights on a key chapter of religious, political, and cultural history. Contributors include Dee E. Andrews, Christopher Densmore, J. William Frost, Thomas D. Hamm, Nancy A. Hewitt, Maurice Jackson, Emma Jones Lapsansky-Werner, Gary B. Nash, and James Walvin.
Full table of contents
Introduction by Brycchan Carey and Geoffrey Plank
Part I Freedom within Quaker Discipline: Arguments among Friends
Chapter 1. "'Liberation Is Coming Soon': The Radical Reformation of Joshua Evans (1731-1798)" by Ellen M. Ross
Chapter 2. "Why Quakers and Slavery? Why not More Quakers?" by J. William Frost
Chapter 3. "George F. White and Hicksite Opposition to the Abolitionist Movement" by Thomas D. Hamm
Chapter 4. "'Without the Consumers of Slave Produce There Would Be No Slaves:' Quaker Women, Antislavery Activism and Free-Labor Cotton Dress in the 1850s." by Anna Vaughan Kett
Chapter 5. "The Spiritual Journeys of an Abolitionist: Amy Kirby Post, 18023-1889" by Nancy A. Hewitt
Part II "The Scarcity of African Americans in the Meetinghouse: Racial Issues among the Quakers"
Chapter 6. "Quaker Evangelization in Early Barbados: Forging a Path towards the Unknowable" by Kristen Block
Chapter 7. "Anthony Benezet: Working the Antislavery Cause inside and outside of 'The Society'" by Maurice Jackson
Chapter 8. "Aim for a Free State and Settle among Quakers: African-American and Quaker Parallel Communities in Pennsylvania and New Jersey" by Christopher Densmore
Chapter 9. "The Quaker and the Colonist: Moses Sheppard, Samuel Ford McGill, and Transatlantic Antislavery across the Color Line" by Andrew Diemer
Chapter 10. "Friend on the American Frontier: Charles Pancoast's A Quaker Forty-Niner and the Problem of Slavery" by James Emmett Ryan
Part III "Did the Rest of the World Notice? The Quakers' Reputation"
Chapter 11. "The Slave Trade, Quakers, and the Early Days of British Abolition" by James Walvin
Chapter 12. "The Quaker Antislavery Commitment and How It Revolutionized French Antislavery through the Crèvecoeur-Brissot Friendship, 1782-1789" by Marie-Jeanne Rossignol
Chapter 13. "Thomas Clarkson's Quaker Trilogy: Abolitionist Narrative as Transformative History" by Dee E. Andrews and Emma Jones Lapsansky-Werner
Chapter 14. "The Hidden Story of Quakers and Slavery" by Gary B. Nash